Scott Adams quotes 1 to 25

Quotes are extracted from ‘How to Fail at Almost Everything and Still Win Big’

  1. Beware of advice about successful people and their methods. For starters, no two situations are alike. Your dreams of creating a dry-cleaning empire won’t be helped by knowing that Thomas Edison liked to take naps. Secondly, biographers never have access to the internal thoughts of successful people.
  2. When I was a commercial loan officer for a large bank, my boss taught us that you should never make a loan to someone who is following his passion. For example, you don’t want to give money to a sports enthusiast who is starting a sports store to pursue his passion for all things sporty. That guy is a bad bet, passion and all. He’s in business for the wrong reason.
  3. My boss, who had been a commercial lender for over 30 years, said that the best loan customer is someone who has no passion whatsoever, just a desire to work hard at something that looks good on a spreadsheet.
  4. For most people, it’s easy to be passionate about things that are working out, and that distorts our impression of the importance of passion… The ones that didn’t work out—and that would be most of them—slowly drained my passion as they failed. The few that worked became more exciting as they succeeded.
  5. In hindsight, it looks as if the projects that I was most passionate about were also the ones that worked. But objectively, my passion level moved with my success. Success caused passion more than passion caused success. So forget about passion. And while you’re at it, forget about goals, too.
  6. A CEO of a company that made screws offered me some career advice. He said that every time he got a new job, he immediately started looking for a better one. For him, job seeking was not something one did when necessary. It was a continuing process.
  7. This makes perfect sense if you do the math. Chances are that the best job for you won’t become available at precisely the time you declare yourself ready. Your best bet, he explained, was to always be looking for a better deal. The better deal has its own schedule. I believe the way he explained it is that your job is not your job; your job is to find a better job. This was my first exposure to the idea that one should have a system instead of a goal. The system was to continually look for better options.
  8. As for my own system, when I graduated from college, I outlined my entrepreneurial plan. The idea was to create something that had value and—this next part is the key—I wanted the product to be something that was easy to reproduce in unlimited quantities. I didn’t want to sell my time, at least not directly, because that model has an upward limit. And I didn’t want to build my own automobile factory, for example, because cars are not easy to reproduce. I wanted to create, invent, write, or otherwise concoct something widely desired that would be easy to reproduce.
  9. If you drill down on any success story, you always discover that luck was a huge part of it. You can’t control luck, but you can move from a game with bad odds to one with better odds. You can make it easier for luck to find you. The most useful thing you can do is stay in the game. If your current get-rich project fails, take what you learned and try something else. Keep repeating until something lucky happens.
  10. I do want my failures to make me stronger, of course, but I also want to become smarter, more talented, better networked, healthier and more energized…Failure is a resource that can be managed.
  11. Good ideas have no value because the world already has too many of them. The market rewards execution, not ideas. From that point on, I concentrated on ideas that I could execute. I was already failing toward success, but I didn’t yet know it.
  12. Humans are like sponges. Put any two humans together and each starts absorbing the traits of the other, including biases, fashion sense, work ethic, morality, preferences, conversation style, knowledge, aspirations, and – according to recent studies – even weight. We don’t do most of this intentionally. It just happens.
  13. If you want to be more fit, spend time with friends who make it look easy. If you want more ambition, find some friends who already have it. If you want to avoid being a pessimistic sink hole, avoid the people who give off that vibe. And if you can’t find the right kind of people locally, consider moving.
  14. For most of my adult life I’ve had at least one change-the-world type of project percolating in my spare time no matter what else I’m doing. It could be as simple as a new business model I’m concocting in my mind or an invention I’m tinkering with.
  15. Once you become good at a few unimportant things, such as hobbies or sports, the habit of success stays with you on more important quests. When you have tasted success, you want more.
  16. A great strategy for success in life is to become good at something, anything, and let that feeling propel you to new and better victories. Success can be habit-forming.
  17. If success were easy, everyone would do it. It takes effort. That fact works to your advantage because it keeps lazy people out of the game.
  18. I’ve come to believe that success at anything has a spill-over effect on other things. You can take advantage of that effect by becoming good at things that require nothing but practice.
  19. If you don’t like to practice, don’t waste on a strategy that requires it. You simply need to pick a life strategy that rewards novelty seeking more than mindless repetition.
  20. We humans tend to enjoy doing things we are good at, while not enjoying the things we suck at. We’re also fairly good at predicting what we might be good at before we try.
  21. Another huge advantage of learning as much as you can in different fields is that the more concepts you understand, the easier it is to learn new ones.
  22. I believe exercise makes people smarter, psychologically braver, more creative, more energetic, and more influential.
  23. If you are lucky enough to have career options, and only one of them affords a path of continual improvement, choose that one, all else being equal.
  24. Always remember that failure is your friend. It is the raw material of success. Invite it in. Learn from it. And don’t let it leave until you pick its pocket.
  25. Life is messy and you’re going to be right only sometimes. You’ll do everyone in your life a favour by acting decisively, though, even if you have doubts on the inside.

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How to Build Self-Discipline by Martin Meadows

How to resist temptations and reach your long term goals

Life is Easy When You Live It the Hard Way. Stop eating unhealthy food and change your eating habits. Do not focus on instant gratification. The author has done many extreme things. He often does them because he wants to test boundaries. Most of the work is based on scientific research. The book will share the ‘how’ and not really the ‘why’.

I have no doubt there’s nothing more important to a successful life than to maintain a high level of self-discipline and keep growing on a daily basis. Hence, I challenge myself. I want to find out if I can resist the temptation to eat after fasting for almost two days or go home when the frigid air makes my legs go numb. – Martin Meadows

The Fundamentals of Self-Discipline. The key is to AUTOMATE your behaviour. Self-discipline starts with habit formation. Research shows that it takes 66 days to form a habit. After 66 days, you won’t need to consume willpower to achieve it. When it sees the cue, you want to perform the action to get the reward. When you want to eat a chocolate, replace it with an apple. Regular physical activity is the key to success. Exercise will make you a better person. Food journaling also helps a great deal. Other good habits are meditation, waking up earlier, trying something new every day, saving money, expressing gratitude. Willpower is a limited resource and needs to be managed. Sugar only restores your willpower temporarily.

At the sight of a chocolate bar, you become self-aware of your craving. But instead of giving in, you recognize the craving for what it is – a detour that will take you away from your long-term goal. You remind yourself you can eliminate the craving by eating a piece of fruit. – Martin Meadows

What is Your Why? Stop and think when you are faced with a temptation. However, this method is short lived. It is important to visualize your goal. When you do that, the dopamine kicks in and you feel the reward without doing any work. Use your mind to prepare you for the challenges ahead. Switch your mind from event to process-oriented. Learn to focus on tasks which you are good at and can utilize your strengths. The key is to form keystone habits. Are you doing something that will enhance your life or are you doing what others want you to do. Reduce the amount of time on social media. You need a powerful why

Dopamine – Your Enemy and Your Friend. Exercise leads to an increase in dopamine. Research shows that when a cue presents itself, that in itself produces dopamine. If the reward is not obvious, there is a higher chance you will be able to resist it. Get the chocolate bar out of sight. Dopamine seeks instant gratification. However, dopamine can work for you as well. You can use it to cultivate cues for good habits. You can cultivate a cue for example, when you see your running shoes. Learn to achieve small wins. Reward yourself with healthy food, experiences, music, a break, a nap, something pleasant, relive of tension, novelty and variation.

If you always cave to temptation when you see a chocolate bar on your desk, get it out of sight. The mere sight of opening a drawer can be enough to help you exert your self-control. – Martin Meadows

The key to dopamine is that it produces the most powerful rush when the reward is in sight. If you want to form a habit to jog 3 times a week, you can associate it with drinking a smoothie when you go back home. – Martin Meadows

A smoothie delivered right after the workout will motivate you much better than the vision of getting fit several weeks or months from now. Even something as simple as listening to your favourite music while running can be enough to help you stick to a new habit. – Martin Meadows

Five Practical Ways to Train Your Discipline. Meditation trains your mind to focus on your breathing. Start small. 5 minutes a day will suffice. Sit still in a comfortable position. Close your eyes and focus on breathing. Repeat this every morning. Taking cold showers help to build discipline. Fasting helps to build long term discipline. Control small things. Keep your back straight. In the gym, you can push yourself. This will help you train self-discipline. Test and push the boundaries.

Studies show that the first feeling of fatigue is an emotion, not the signal that your body is spent and can’t go on any longer. Consequently, you can learn how to exert more self-discipline when you decide to go past the first feeling of fatigue and see how much further you can push yourself. – Martin Meadows

Self-Discipline (Or Lack of It) is Contagious. Social influence is a factor in obesity. If your friends lack self-discipline, chances are that you will as well. Surround yourself with energetic people. If your friends are laidback, you can use books and the Internet to motivate you. 20% of your friends contribute to 80% of the enjoyment. If all your friends gym, chances are that you will as well. If you don’t have a real life mentor, you can find one through books. Who is your role model in life? Even your family models can be great. Keep your friend and yourself accountable to your goals. Ignore the people who start hating you once you become successful. Channel your energy towards your goals. Find a self-discipline partner.

Seven Traps that Challenge Your Self-Discipline. Research has shown that people value instant over long-term rewards. Learn to envision your future self. If you always procrastinate, chances are that you are seeking the wrong goal. You need internal motivation. Know your ‘why’. Do not set impossible goals. Write down the action steps necessary. Making a lot of choices also requires willpower and it will tire you out. Decision fatigue also leads to decision avoidance. Reduce the number of trivial decisions you need to make each day. Reduce the number of choices. It is better to make decisions in the morning. Stress also depletes willpower. Try not to make decisions when you are angry or stressed. Read a book or go for a quiet walk in the park. Music is also one way to improve your mood. Unskilled people also overestimate their abilities to do things. An inflated belief will lead you to more temptations. Do not think you are very smart at all. Humans also suffer from status quo bias. Come up with alternatives to the status quo. Try to think more about long-term rewards. Control your stress levels.

In general, a powerful, encouraging goal is based on an internal motivation. You’ll get much more drive from your internal need to become a better person than from trying to please someone, make someone jealous or enjoy other trivial external benefits of reaching your goal. – Martin Meadows

You’ll see I only wear gray or blue suits. I’m trying to pare down decisions. I don’t want to make decisions about what I’m eating or wearing. Because I have too many other decisions to make. – President Obama

Any change from the status quo is perceived as a loss. As a result, making positive changes in your life can be much harder than you think – simply because you will perceive them as losses, even if the current state of things is no longer optimal for you. – Martin Meadows

Seven Additional Tips and Tricks to Stay Disciplined. Make yourself accountable and set stakes. Set stakes. This is a powerful form of motivation. Punish yourself if you fail to reach your goals. Give your friends or foes money. Even paying for a gym upfront is a form of commitment. Achieve small wins. Start small first. This is very important. Small wins are crucial. Set roadblocks, such as by not carrying cash or credit cards around with you. Plan for your temptations. Plan for it first, so that you won’t use willpower. Schedule rest at the end of your workout. You can even schedule a reward at the end of a long workout. Tie your habits together. Set a cue and you will perform the routine after that cue. Starting is the most difficult part. Once you overcome resistance, it is much easier.

People who lose the most weight in the first 2 to 3 weeks of dieting are encouraged by their initial success to keep going. The string of small wins helps them stick to their resolution – even when the effect of initial rapid weight loss wears off. – Martin Meadows

You don’t have to get it perfect, you just have to keep it going. – Jack Canfield

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Lee Kuan Yew Quotes 1 to 25

  1. It is part of their history (USA). They went into an empty continent and made the best of it – killed the Red Indians and took over the land and the buffaloes. So this is how they ended up- you build a town here, you be the sheriff, I am the judge, you are the policeman, and you are the banker, let us start. And the culture has carried on until today. There is a belief that you can make it happen.
  2. China is sucking the Southeast Asian countries into its economic system because of its vast market and growing purchasing power. Japan and South Korea will inevitably be sucked in as well. It just absorbs countries without having to use force.
  3. We want an equal society. We want to give everybody equal opportunities. But, in the back of our minds, we never deceive ourselves that two human beings are ever equal in their stamina, in their drive, in their dedication, in their innate ability.
  4. Americans have a can-do approach to life: everything can be broken up, analyzed, and defined. Whether it can or it cannot, Americans believe it can be solved, given enough money, research, and effort.
  5. If a people have lost faith completely in their democratic institutions because they cannot find people of calibre to run them, however good that system, it perishes. Ultimately, it is the people who run the system who make it come to life.
  6. I have never been over-concerned or obsessed with opinion or popularity polls. I think a leader who is, is a weak leader. If you are concerned with whether your rating will go up or down, then you are not a leader. You are just catching the wind…you will go where the wind is blowing.
  7. Singaporeans must take to heart one simple fact: unless we improve ourselves through education and training and through developing the will to be productive, our future cannot be assured.
  8. In China, it is 90% Han Chinese all speaking the same language, with different accents, but reading the same script. If you stand up in Delhi and speak in English, out of 1.2 billion people, maybe 200 million will understand you. If you speak in Hindi, maybe 250 million will understand you. If you speak in Tamil, 80 million people will understand you.
  9. When you have popular democracy, to win votes you have to give more and more. And to beat your opponent in the next election, you have to promise to give more away. So it is a never-ending process of auctions – and the cost, the debt being paid to the next administration.
  10. Jawaharal Nehru (First Indian PM) and Mahatma Gandhi (started the non-violence, civil rights movement) had a chance to do for India what I did for Singapore because of their enormous prestige, but they could not break the caste system.
  11. America’s presidents, I mean, like Jimmy Carter…my name is Jimmy Carter, I am a peanut farmer, I am running for president. The next thing you know, he was the president!
  12. You must want. That is the crucial thing. Before you have, you must want to have. And to want to have means to be able, First, to perceive what it is you want; secondly, how to discipline and organize yourself in order to possess the things you want…and thirdly, the grit and the stamina.
  13. India’s economy can grow to about 60-70% that of China. It is not going to be bigger – on present projections. But 60-70% of China with a population which will be bigger than China’s by 2050 is something considerable, and India has some very able people at the top.
  14. One of the facts of life is that no two things are equal, either in smallness or in bigness. Living things are never equal. Even in the case of identical twins, one comes out before the other and takes precedence over the other. So it is with human beings, so it is with tribes, and so it is with nations.
  15. I have always thought humanity was animal-like, while Confucian theory says that it can be improved. I am not sure it can be, but it can be trained, it can be disciplined…you can make a left-hander write with his or her right hand, but you cannot really change his or her natural-born instinct.
  16. I do not want to be remembered as a statesman. First of all, I do not classify myself as a statesman. I put myself down as determined, consistent and persistent. I set out to do something. I keep chasing it until it succeeds. That is all.
  17. History does not repeat itself in the same way each time, but certain trends and consequences are constants. If you do not know history, you think short term. If you know history, you think medium and long term.
  18. Revolutionary situations throw up great leaders who demand blood, sweat, and tears; comfortable circumstances produce leaders who promise people an even easier life.
  19. There is a continual need to balance between a successful, competitive society, and a cohesive, compassionate one. That requires judgment, to strike a bargain or social contract. Each society must arrive at that optimum point for itself. Between the two ends, the highly competitive and the excessively equal, lies a golden mean. This point will move with time and changing values.
  20. If you follow the ideological direction of Europe, you are done for. There will always be a tussle within societies, as underachievers want more support, but addressing their needs must be done in a way that does not kill incentive.
  21. There are three basic essentials for successful transformation of any society. First, a determined leadership…two, an administration which is efficient; and three, social discipline.
  22. Indians will go at a tempo which is decided by their constitution, by their ethnic mix, by their voting patterns, and the resulting coalition governments, which makes for very difficult decision-making.
  23. You must not overlook the importance of discussions with knowledgeable people. I would say that is much more productive than absorbing or running through masses of documents. Because in a short exchange, you can abstract from somebody who has immense knowledge and experience the essence of what he had gained.
  24. There is a dearth of entrepreneurial talent in Singapore…we have to start experimenting. The easy things – just getting a blank mind to take in knowledge and become trainable – we have done. Now comes the difficult part. To get literate and numerate minds to be more innovative, to be more productive, is not easy. It requires a mindset change, a different set of values.
  25. Recession must come from time to time. It is in the nature of the free market of the western world…People and systems tend to be carried away by exuberance. Investors get greedy and rush in to buy, believing that prices will only go up. Despair and depression then set in.

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Small + Keystone Habits = Big Results by Akash Karia

10 power Habits that take 5 minutes per day and guarantee rapid results

One thing leads to another. Habits cause chain reactions. However, habits can be good or destructive in nature. Keystone habits are the ones that once established, will lead to other things in life. The keystone activity could be to take a 5 minute walk. Keystone habits can be very simple indeed. Once established, you will be able to create change in your life with minimal use of willpower. For example, the keystone habit like exercise is very important. It is difficult to institute a new lifestyle. But it is easy to make small changes, like introducing keystone habits in your life. Radical change upfront is difficult to achieve.

Exercise. To many people, there are other priorities as compared to exercise. Research has revealed exercise as a keystone habit. Hopefully, this book will ignite you . Everyone knows the importance of exercising, but few do it. Set small habits. The key is to start small. The human brain likes to think short- term and do things that give us instant pleasure. Small habits multiply instantly. It is like a cycle. The small steps you take now lead to better fitness and blood regulation, which will lead to better mood and increase your chance of exercising. Stickk is an app that leads you to put your money on the line if you do not achieve your goals. Goalmaster is another similar app that is very effective. During the time spent waiting, we can put in some exercise. Do something in the morning and use it as a cue to exercise. Create habits that will stick. Reward yourself once in a while.

If, however, you make a commitment to go jogging for a few minutes a day or add a few sit-ups to your daily routine before bed, then you are far more likely to stick to your decision and to create a habit that offers you long term results. – Akash Karia

Where are you most often waiting for something? Could you implement a few minutes of exercise while you wait? And what kind of exercise would suit those situations? – Akash Karia

Food Journaling. Make food journaling a habit. Recording what you eat makes you more aware of your food intake. It helps to trigger memory. It helps you to recognize consumption patterns as well. With better awareness, you can cut down on the fatty and oily stuff. Spend 30 seconds after a meal to record what you have eaten. Start small and the chance of implementation will be higher. Identify a cue in your routine. Choose a habit as a cue, like drinking coffee in the morning could act as a cue. Make sure your journal is easy to reach. At the end of 30 days, review your journal. Take time to read it also. After reviewing it, take time to read your journal and suggest improvements. Keep healthy snacks in office.

Drink more water. Drink water the first thing in the morning. Your energy levels are affected by the amount of water you consume. Water helps to boost metabolism and flush toxins from our body. It also energizes the body and muscles. With more water, you will be more inclined to exercise further. Lastly, it improves cognitive performance. Drink 1 glass of water every morning. Keep the water near you as well. If you do not like drinking, add lemon juice. Later, extend the habit by bringing a bottle of water along with you wherever you go. A large part of your body is made from water and do consume it. Leave a cup of water by your bedside in the night so that when morning comes, you will drink it.

How to Get a Good Night’s Sleep Tonight? Sleep affects memory, your energy levels and how you can think and remember. Your body is built to get 8 hours of sleep per day. Sleep improves mood, increases exercise, improves memory etc. Also, sleep helps to improve performance and motivation. Learn to create a routine. Go to the bed at the same time every night. Food plays a big part too. Avoid caffeine and sugar late at night. Remove distractions like cellphones, television etc. Light sources will affect your quality of sleep. Temperature also plays a part. Alternatively, you can try meditation. Get at least 8 hours of sleep each night. Monitor your progress over 300 days. Sleep is a keystone habit.

Socialize with Friends. A good night out with friends can recharge you. When you have fun, it actually helps to reduce stress levels. Socializing is linked to better mental and physical health. It is important to socialize on a regular basis. Spend 5 minutes a day talking to a friend. Create a weekly habit of meeting new people. Set small social goals. List out a list of activities you want to partake in. Make a list of friends which you want to be in contact with. Next, learn to create a schedule. Money can buy you time with your loved ones. Your life will start to improve after a while.

How to Cultivate an Attitude of Gratitude? How do you overcome stress? The answer is gratitude. Be thankful of what you have. It is not wrong to be ambitious and to pursue dreams, but it is also important to be grateful for what you have. Grateful people tend to be happier. Being grateful improves sleep quality. Gratitude means giving thanks. Grateful people tend to be more positive as well. Make a conscious decision to be grateful for life. Write down one thing in your gratitude journal each week. Later, decide to be grateful all the time.

Exercise Your Mind. Reading is exercise for the mind and it helps to reduce stress. Also, it increases your level of empathy. It improves your understanding of the world. Also, it helps to improve levels of motivation. Learn to invest in a good book. Bring a book wherever you go. Use your commuting time to read as well. Choose only materials that feels not like work. Reading can help to decrease heart rate etc. Spend at least 5 to 10 minutes a day reading.

Since reading includes meeting characters, being exposed to new scenarios, exploring new places, and creating new experiences, the brain is encouraged to form new neurons. This means the brain is essentially building new muscles, which means your memory improves and your cognitive ability improves. – Akash Karia

Serving Others. We get a surge of joy when we give. Volunteering is another aspect to improve your life. You will feel better about yourself. It will give you a great sense of accomplishment. Volunteering can also combat depression. Set a small goal, like volunteering 15 minutes a month. Choose a cause that you care deeply about. Set aside the time necessary. Schedule an appointment beforehand.

Laughing and Playing Keeps the Doctor Away. We often feel good after exercising. There are benefits associated with laughter. The amount of oxygen also increases. Laughter improves the immune system. Learn to watch funny videos on YouTube. Spend time with your children and play with your pets. Tune in to a comedy channel when you need a perk-up. Make a decision to laugh and play more. Subscribe to channels that provide daily entertainment. Commit 5 minutes of the day to doing something you love.

How to Change Your Financial Destiny? There are apps to track expenditure. Some apps will even show you the category of spending. Review your expenses daily.

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The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame

The Mole had been working hard all morning cleaning his home. It was Spring now. He suddenly left the house in frustration. He digged his way until he was above ground and saw sunlight. Later, he started rolling in the grass in a meadow. He was delighted as he ran to the hedge. An elderly rabbit collected tool for the private road. He was the only idle dog among the busy animals. Later, he reached the edge of a fully fed river. The Mole hadn’t seen a river before and was fascinated by the life in the river. Something caught his eye at the opposite bank. However, that glowing object vanished after a while. It was a brown little face with whiskers. It was the Water Rat. The rat offered him a ride on his blue boat. It was a wonderful day. It was the Mole’s first time in a boat. Later, the boat hit the bank accidentally. The Water Rat wanted to go on a tour. There were plenty of food in their basket they were carrying. The river was brother and sister to the Rat. It was his World. There was a wild woods nearby, which the water rat hadn’t explored. There were animals like squirrels, rabbits, Badger. Nobody bothered the badger. There were also weasels, stoats and foxes, which the rat couldn’t trust. Beyond the wild wood was the wide world, whom none of them have explored. Later, they came upon a mill house. They rested on the grass and started eating. Later, the Otter came out and wanted to share the food with us too. Later, the Badger appeared as well but disappeared soon after. The Toad was out as well. The Toad liked to build new things and wasn’t easily satisfied. The Otter was nowhere to be seen now. The Mole packed the packet. Now, the mole wanted to row as well. The rat didn’t allow him to. Later, the mole seized the sculls from him. The boat capsized and both of them struggled. Later, the rat saved him and hauled him to the bank. The Rat recovered the basket and the boat. The Mole apologized for his actions. The Rat forgave him and offered to teach him how to row and swim. In the night, the rat recounted stories about the river. The Mole managed to pick up some skills which the rat taught him.

After all, the best part of a holiday is perhaps not so much to be resting yourself, as to see all the other fellows busy working. – Kenneth Grahame

Whether you get away, or whether you don’t; whether you arrive at your destination or whether you reach somewhere else, or whether you never get anywhere at all, you’re always busy, and you never do anything in particular; and when you’ve done it there’s always something else to do, and you can do it if you like, but you’d much better not. – The Water Rat

What it hasn’t got is not worth having, and what it doesn’t know is not worth knowing. – The Water Rat

Why can’t fellows be allowed to do what they like WHEN they like and AS they like, instead of other fellows sitting on banks and watching them all the time and making remarks and poetry and things about them? – The Water Rat

Glorious, stirring sight! The poetry of motion! The REAL way to travel! The ONLY way to travel! – The Toad

The mole wanted a favour from Ratty. Now, the rat started singing a song he composed called ‘Ducks Ditty’. The mole wanted to make friends with Mr Toad. The toad was a good natured animal. He was also very simple and good-natured. Toad was very rich and he had a Hall. The toad liked to try new stuff in life. He was looking at the map when the rat and the mole found him. He visited the both into his house. The toad had given up on boating long ago. He wanted to channel his time to something more important. He brought them to the stable yard. There, they saw a gipsy caravan. He wanted change, travel and excitement. The Rat was not pleased as he wanted to boat. The interior was lovely indeed. There was everything inside, and it contained much more than the basket in the boat. The Toad wanted to introduce Rat to the world. The rat flatly rejected him and didn’t want to go. Mole also wanted to stick with rat. However, the travelling did seem tempting. The toad wanted them over for lunch. His motto in life was to live for others. After understanding Mole’s character, the Toad played on that. The Toad eventually managed to convince them to join him. Toad was excited about the trip and kept talking about it. After Toad asked, the rat was not willing to talk about the river as he didn’t want to. The Mole was very sticky and constantly obeyed the rat. Toad also had to do his share of the work. Eventually, they encountered disaster on the trip. They heard a droning sound. It approached them at high speed. It was an animal that made a ‘poop-poop’ sound. It was a bee. The horse panicked and their cart ended up in the ditch. The whole cart was in a wreck now. A motor-car also caused them to have the accident. Rat was angry and wanted to sue the river. The Toad wore a placid satisfied expression. The Toad was in a trance and kept murmuring ‘Poop-poop’. He wanted a motorcar and thought of the wonders it could achieve. The toad was like that, always obsessed over the new craze in town. The rat was pissed at Toad’s behavior as he just sat there and smiled to himself. Now, rat wanted the Toad to go to the nearest police station and report the incident while Rat and Mole wanted to rest. Toad was quite useless and didn’t want to help. Later, they deposited Toad in a waiting room. Later that evening, Toad took a train to town and ordered a large and expensive motor car.

The mole wanted to know the badger as well. Badger hates society in general and wouldn’t go for events. He was very shy. He lives in the Wild Wood. Badger never came and he lived alone in the Wild Wood. The rat started writing poetry as well. It was a pretty day. In the winter, the rat slept a great deal. It was finally June. The Mole wanted to explore the Wild Wood alone. While in the woods, the Mole saw strange faces and imagined things. There were many holes and the faces were intermittent. Deeper in the forest, he heard whistling. Later, the rain started falling. A rabbit ran past him and hid in a friendly burrow. In panic, the mole ran and hit into different objects. Finally he hid under the old beech tree. The rat was at home and dozed by his fireside. He realized that the mole was not there. Now, the rat knew from the tracks that the Mole entered the Wild Wood and he took a pistol and followed in the same direction. The Rat shouted, hoping the Mole could hear him. Finally he managed to find the Mole. The rat explained that it was safe entering the forest if you didn’t know the secret codes. Now, the mole rested before they would go home. Finally, the rat admitted that it was snowing. A fine powder filled the air. They held on to each other. Both of them were heavily fatigued. The snow was getting deeper now. There didn’t seem to be a way out at the moment. Suddenly, the mole tripped and fell. He hurt his leg. The rat offered to help him with his wound. It was a clean cut. The rat found something and yelled Hooray. It was a door scraper. The rat started to scrape the ground. It revealed a door mat. The mole didn’t understand and didn’t see what the big deal was. The rat encouraged the mole to dig as it could be a place where they could find shelter for the night. Later, after scraping, they saw the sign ‘Mr Badger’. The mole now respected the rat’s intelligence. They ran the bell of the house now.

Finally there were footsteps approaching the door. It was Badger. He invited Mole and Rat inside. They found themselves in a kitchen. It was a spotless place. The Badger brought them dressing gowns and slippers. He liked to see ‘I told you so’ or ‘Just what I always said’ in his conversations. Toad was getting from bad to worse. Toad didn’t like to be taught. He was hospitalized after encountering a few accidents but still didn’t learn. Badger said he couldn’t help as it was winter. The rat didn’t want to help him. The rat found the Badger’s house to be oppressive. The next morning, two hedgehogs joined them for breakfast. They were also lost in the snow. One of them was Billy. Badger was in his study that morning. The Otter appeared now. Most animals went to Badger when they were in trouble. The snow had wrecked some havoc back in town. The rabbits were not very helpful animals. Mole was generally very good natured. The hedgehogs were famished. It was good to be underground as no one would disturb you. Weather wouldn’t affect you if you were underground too. Rat had to content with varying weather conditions. Now, Badger showed the Mole around his home. The architecture was amazing, to say the least. The Wild Wood used to be a city filled with humans. Animals soon occupied the abandoned city. The Wild Wood soon became very populated. The rat wanted to leave but the Badger persuaded him to stay. Later, they explored the surroundings.

People come – they stay for a while, they flourish, they build – and they go. It is their way. But we remain. We Badgers are an enduring lot, and we may move out for a time, but we wait, and are patient, and back we come. And so it will ever be. – Badger

The rat, mole and otter were in good spirits now. They found the way that led home. They observed houses and the animal life. Later, they observed a bird in a bird cage. The Rat was leading the way. Mole was caught by an electric wire and got shocked by the experience. It was home, finally. The rat went on ahead but Mole sensed his old home was nearby and wanted to visit it. The rat wanted mole to press on as the snow was getting heavier. Mole was upset but continued and did not think of abandoning Rat. Rat didn’t sense his displeasure and later they rested. Now, the mole started crying and Rat didn’t know how to respond. He related his sorrows about not being able to visit his old home. The rat acknowledged that it was his fault and wanted to go back. However, it was dark and the snow was falling. Despite this, they headed back . The mole started digging and they found a door labelled ‘Mole End’. The sentimental objects were all still intact. The rat started exploring his home and wanted to spend the night here. They started a fire to keep themselves warm. Now, they started foraging for food. Many of the items were purchased using an inheritance from Mole’s aunt. The field-mice were caroling and Mole wanted to feed them. There were 8 of them in a semicircle and they started to sing. It was certainly a joyful occasion. Rat invited the mice into the house as well. They prepared ale and everyone drank and made merry. The field-mice knew how to act in plays as well. Everyone talked about old times. The Mole started reflecting and knew that it was good to return to an old place even thought he would be exploring the world.

Independence is all very well, but we animals never allow our friends to make fools of themselves beyond a certain limit; and that limit you’ve reached. Now, you’re a good fellow in many respects, and I don’t want to be too hard on you. – Badger

The Mole and the water rat were concerned with the boat activities. It was Badger at the door. It was Toad’s hour and they all vowed to teach him to be a sensible toad. The plan was to head to Toad Hall and then rescue him from there. There was a shiny red motor-car parked in front of his house. They took him into the house just as Toad wanted to drive off. Toad refused to remove his racing gear. Mole and Rat used force to remove his racing gear. Toad was notorious and was causing harm on the road. Badger was now lecturing him. The toad cried after the lecture. He was limp and dejected now. Eventually, he vowed to give up on the motor-cars. In the room, Toad vowed to change his ways. But that he was outside, he was a changed animal again. Rat wasn’t surprised by his behavior. The three animals vowed to stay with Toad now and take care of him. They each had a roster where they would watch on him to make sure he had no mischief. The rat would spend time with Toad this morning. Toad admitted that he didn’t want to bother the other animals and that he was nuisance. Toad wanted a doctor now. He also wanted a lawyer now. The rat, thinking that these two figures might help Toad, went to look for them. The toad took this chance to leave his hall. Toad wondered around to the high road and basked in Nature’s glory. He thought that rat had good qualities but wasn’t very intelligent. Toad was a conceited animal. One day, he heard the poop-poop sound of a vehicle and went outside to examine it. The car was unattended and he thought about driving it. The passion seized him, body and soul. He started driving and felt that everyone ought to give way to him. The Bench of Magistrates wanted to charge him and put Toad behind bars for 20 years. He was caught. Toad was placed in a dungeon that lay in the innermost keep. Sadly, he was prisoner in the most remote dungeon in England.

Mole waited for his friend to return. Rat was not around at his home. Little Portly was missing again. He was missing for a few days now and no one knew where he was. It was Otter’s son and Otter was nervous. Otter was also looking for Little Portly. Rat and Mole wanted to paddle up stream and wanted to search. While searching, they hear a clear articulate voice. Rat and Mole were in the boat at the moment. The noise disappeared again. It was beautiful and it was the call of distant piping. Later, they reached a point where the river divided. Later, he saw tears on the comrade’s cheeks. The music was heavenly. The two animals passed the tumultuous waters. Mole felt at peace now. They spotted an object with curved horns. They found the baby otter. Portly squeaked in delight when he saw Rat and Mole. Portly searched around for his parents but couldn’t find them. The animals tied him securely to the boat and rescued him. The quest ended happily and Otter and his son were reunited. Rat and Mole were tired. While appreciating the music, they soon fell asleep.

Toad lamented that this was the end and that his life was no longer the same now. He lamented at his poor behavior in the past. One day, the gaoler’s daughter knocked on Toad’s cell. She brought Toad food from the oven. Most of the time, Toad wailed in his cell and kicked with his legs. Now, Toad thought of new and inspiring thoughts after smelling hot cabbage. He was recovering fast. The good food improved his mood and Toad started talking about himself more. Toad related about the Toad Hall and his experiences previously to the girl. She, later, started to pity Toad for he was locked up for a trivial offence. She suggested a plan for him to escape, which was to dress up as the official washerwoman. The girl wanted to introduce her aunt, a washerwoman to Toad. Now, toad looked just like her aunt. Finally, toad was a free man. He came upon a railway station. There was a train that was bound for Toad Hall. To his horror, Toad realized that he forgot to take his belongings with him. The ticket agent didn’t want to sell him the ticket as Toad didn’t have money with him. Now, he tried to beg the engine-driver. Toad would have to wash a few of his shirts in exchange for a free ride. Toad knew he could pay to get his clothes washed once he returned home. There was another train that was pursuing them and gaining on them. On that train, there were men like policemen. Now, he revealed his identity to the engine-driver and begged for forgiveness. The driver agreed to help him. The plan was for Toad to jump off the train and hide in the woods before the train entered the tunnel. Toad followed the plan and managed to get away undetected. However, he was thrown in the wild wood now. Finally, Toad found a resting spot under a hollow tree, where he would spend his night.

The rat was restless. Some of the animals experienced migratory patterns and this was observed by the rat. Later, rat wandered country-wards. Now, he started wandering in the forest. The mice were playing a game. There would be horrid machines in the areas soon and the mice wanted to move their good stuff away. The rat returned to his river now. The birds were also feeling restless now. Rat didn’t understand why the birds were planning to leave and thought it would be sad to leave a place you knew. The birds explained why they were leaving. Rat realized that the outside world might be better, where fortunes and adventures await him. There was a dusty rat which appeared now. He was a wayfarer. The wayfarer knew that the Rat’s life was the best after he compared it to his other experiences. The wayfarer was originally from Constantinople and was a foreigner. The Water rat wanted to learn from the wayfarer. Family troubles caused the wayfarer to explore, before he entered up in Venice. It was certainly a beautiful city. He liked the art of travelling and exploring. To the rat, the wayfarer’s life seemed hard. The two rats started to have a picnic by the roadside. The Water Rat listened to the Sea Rat’s travels. The Sea Cat encouraged him to be adventurous too. Just as he was leaving, Mole caught sight of the Water Rat. However, the rat experienced a seizure now and appeared troubled. When he was better, the Rat tried his best to explain why happened during the day.

Toad got up and headed to the kitchen. He didn’t know where he was. Finally he remembered that he escaped from prison. He was delighted to be free. He had all the time in the room for himself. Now, all he wanted was for someone to guide him on a path so that he wouldn’t get lost. Later, he marched on the water’s edge. Then he saw a big stout woman along the way. Toad lied about having a married daughter and that he wanted to find her. He wanted to go back to Toad Hall. The woman gave him a lift. He pretended to be a washer-woman. The woman always thought about washing stuff on her husband. She wanted him to help her with some washing. He was resigned to learning how to wash. However, Toad realized that he bad at it. His paws started to get crinkly from the water. The woman commented that he couldn’t wash and Toad got furious. She wanted him off now that she realized he was a toad. Toad entered up in the water. He chased after her barge, wanting revenge. He rode on a horse and commanded it to gallop vigorously. Later, he saw a man on a caravan smoking. Toad wanted food from the pot he was cooking in. The gipsy asked Toad if he wanted to sell his horse. Toad refused to sell and now said that his horse was a prize-winning one. The man offered Toad 5 shillings only for it. Toad gave a counteroffer and wanted breakfast as well. The man kept to his word and cooked Toad a sumptuous breakfast. Later, he left the gipsy with the money. Thankfully, toad was near his home. Now, Toad felt conceited over his achievements. To him, he was the best animal around. He tried to hail a car down but it turned out it was the one he stole from the Hotel and got arrested for it. He knew he might be arrested again. To his surprise, the men in the car saw that he was struggling and wanted to help him as a washerwoman. He couldn’t resist his temptations and now wanted to take the wheel. The gentlemen agreed to let Toad try. Now, he kept going faster and faster. Toad pinned the passenger down and admitted he was Toad. Later, the car entered up in a horse-pond. Toad landed up in the grass now. Now, Toad ran away and started laughing to himself. Just then, there were policemen in the distance who were chasing him. Unknowingly, Toad actually ran in the river. Coincidentally, while resting in the river, he saw water rat.

What a clever Toad I am! There is surely no animal equal to me for cleverness in the whole world! – The Toad

Now, Toady, I don’t want to give you pain, after all you’ve been through already; but, seriously, don’t you see what an awful ass you’ve been making of yourself? – The Water Rat

Be a cripple, if you think it’s exciting; be a bankrupt, for a change, if you’ve set your mind on it; but why choose to be a convict? When are you going to be sensible, and think of your friends, and try and be a credit to them? – The Water Rat

Rat grabbed him to shore and safety. Toad told him how proud he was of all his exploits. Rat wanted him to get dressed and didn’t entertain him. Toad was happy to have lunch. Toad promised to be good. He wanted to lead a respectable life now. Rat informed him that weasels had taken over Toad Hall. The animals in the Wild Wood didn’t defend Toad. The weasels were harmed and occupied the place despite resistance. Mole and Badger were hurt in the fight. Later, the Toad didn’t believe Rat and went to march towards the house. The sentries nearly shot Toad. Later, Toad tried steering a boat but the boat crashed and sank. He lost Rat’s boat and Rat was deeply upset. It turns out that Badger and Mole helped to look after Toad Hall when Toad was in trouble. Later, in came Badger. Mole came in shortly after. Both animals looked haggard and weak. Now, Toad refused to listen to Rat and Mole. It was now Badger’s turn to intervene. Toad cried instantly when lectured by Badger. Badger knew that there was hope of recapturing Toad Hall as he knew there was a secret underground passage that led people right into the middle of it. It was Toad’s dad that created the passage. The animals would execute the plan tomorrow. They each distributed weapons and were ready to go.

Rat dressed everyone up for the expedition. Toad tried to make a fool of himself, angering Badger. The toad was nervous. They were all in the passage now. They pushed through a trap door now. Later, they came upon the chief weasel. The weasels were stunned and they started fleeing. In 5 minutes, they managed to clear the room. They later found some food lying around and started having supper. Most of the weasels rolled into the river. Badger was pleased with Mole’s performance throughout. The remaining weasels were remorseful and listened to Mole now. There would be a banquet to celebrate later that evening. Toad would write the speech for that evening. Rat was firm and didn’t allow Toad to sing. His songs were all conceited ones. Toad was melancholic now after his request was turned down. Later, he locked the door and began to sing. After which, Toad went down to greet the other guests. Toad was a humble man now. Badger was like a fatherly figure to all.

It’s no good, Toady; you know well that your songs are all conceit and boasting and vanity; and your speeches are all self-praise, and-and-well, and gross exaggeration. – Water Rat

Badger was the mastermind; the Mole and the Water Rat bore the brunt of the fighting; I merely served in the ranks and did little or nothing. – Toad

Wind in the Willows

How to Think About Exercise by Damon Young

Chad is a personal trainer. Many people think there is a conflict between mind and the body. Brains over brawn or brawn over brains. You can develop either the mental or the physical aspects, but you will sacrifice the other one. Old philosophers thought that the mind and body were separate and could not be associated with one another. To Descartes, his mind was almighty and very powerful. He wanted to be defined by his brain alone. This is known as dualism. Workers are walking less and less. The white collar worker doesn’t exercise a lot. This sort of lifestyle promotes dualism. Humans succumb to temptations and this affects their exercise routines. However, dualism does not exist in reality. In reality, we think with our whole body and walking helps to stimulate the mind. Angry and other feelings can be expressed through actions in our body. The mind and body are actually intertwined. If you believe in dualism, it can kill off how much exercise you do. You might think sportsmen are stupid. Even if you head to the gym, people will get the impression that the mind and body are separate as you need to wear gym attire before entering the gym etc. For a tennis player, he feels the racket as part of his body. If your exercise, you can improve these tools at hand. Many people believe that exercise is only used to fix ailments. Once the ailments are not present, they stop exercising. However, workouts can actually be intellectually stimulating and ethically challenging. Keep an eye out for humanity. The Greeks celebrated physicality. To them, the mind and body worked happily together. Socrates believed in the power of endurance and exercise as it would aid philosophy. For the Greeks, exercise was a form of striving. Exercise was a way to savour humanity. It is possible to derive pleasure from exercise. Virtue involves the whole human being. It comes about from habit formation. Virtue also involves desire and choice. Therefore, virtue can be seen as a combination of habit, desire and free rationality. The Greeks appreciated dance and saw value in education. We get from the gym a more defined version of ourselves. There is an existential joy to working out. Exercise can have massive pay-offs. Intelligent exercise is a combination to wholeness. The book describes the psychological rewards of exercise and ethical virtues

Exercise is something done with one’s body. It is public and physical. Thinking is something done with one’s mind. It is private and ethereal. – Damon Young

Many people’s minds are so invaded by forgetfulness, despondency, irritability, and insanity because of their poor physical condition. – Socrates

Reverie (Walking). Darwin liked to talk long strolls. His life was like clockwork and it followed a fixed routine. He walked a lot more than the common man. Even in poor health, he continued walking. To him, it was a lifelong exercise. He walked a lot even during his later years. To him, walking was an exercise in reflection and he could appreciate nature along the way. Exercise also improves problem solving skills. If you are stuck on a problem, take a stroll and you might come back refreshed and ready to go again. Most other sports required powers of concentration and this prevented you from reflecting on life. Walking allows you to stop and notice things. Reverie thrives in a dynamic environment. Exercise helps to improve creativity as well. Learn to take a walk around your neighbourhood once in a while. Exercise need not be an anti-social activity. Plucking into devices when walking causes you to focus on ‘in-attentional blindness’. Distractions from devices are myopic to the brain. It affects mindfulness. Exercise helps to loosen our minds.

Pride (Sprinting). Exercise is a pleasure of your own existence. I tried doing hill sprints. The sprints felt like freedom, like a form of release. To some people, running felt like flying. There is a purity that is associated with running. Pride is a form of pleasure now. Make yourself the source of your pleasure. To David Hume, pride meant ‘pleasure in oneself’. A heart beating steadily suggests power. This is the cause. The object is yourself. Pleasure, is of course, subjective in nature. Pride is now a virtue. Dogged exertion was something of pride to the Greeks. The goal was to impress upon the world the stamp of our existence. You can be tough without the need to be on the battlefield. Enjoy your muscles when you can. To Pindar, physical pride was virtuous in nature. Intense muscular effort is bliss. We must create ourselves. To the philosopher Albert Camus, Sisyphus was happy even though he tried rolling the boulder up the hill for eternity.

In the pride of sprinting, powerlifting or pedalling, we rightly celebrate ourselves for our committed exertion; for the willingness to move as hard and fast as we possibly can, instead of watching others do so on television. – Damon Young

Sacrifice (Team sports). There is joy that is associated with sacrifice. This involves giving something up. Understand what you are sacrificing for. Sports are an area of striving and pain. For some sports, it requires more sacrifice. Sports are a second world. Rules have changed. There are different rules in a sport which doesn’t apply to life. During sports, you can define yourself for a brief moment in time. You can develop a specific mind-set when approaching a sport. Sports lead you to a state of enhancement. Some believe that we are imprisoned in society and can’t get out. The primary world is where we seek approval and applause of others.

To commit, as a human being, to anything is to renounce some quantum of pleasure – a measure that is enlarged by every increase in dedication. Every game exacts a cost. – Damon Young

Exercise can be a reprieve from confusion – from the anxiety that comes with not knowing one’s place in the world. It involves sacrifice, as does schooling, marriage and work. But sport allows us to say, with far more confidence, whether we have won or lost, and played the game well. – Damon Young

Beauty (Gym & Weights). Fitness and beauty often go hand in hand. Even in the Greek era, this was so. What is pleasurable about a hard body? Muscles are useful. They are a means to an end. Form follows function. A human body is beautiful when it is strong. With beauty comes accomplishment. Muscles are a revelation of potency. To most men, bulging muscles are unnecessary. A proportionate body can mean a proportionate soul. The philosophers were always interested in harmony. Muscles are a way to ‘express’ natural beauty. A muscular body can suggests more than just power for punching or courting. In the past, people talk about the golden ratio. It is important to craft our own ideal. One of human’s basic instincts is the strive for unity. Have an interchange with the environment. Rhythm marks our exercise routines. Define your physical form by building muscles. Which parts of your body are beautiful? Bodybuilders score high on narcissism tests. See muscles as aesthetic achievements.

Humility (Climbing & Gymnastics). Climbing can encourage humility. Understand the difficulty involved. We fear being judged by others if we make a mistake in public. These feelings will pass if our failure is accidental. For some sports, you need a lot of practise to get it right. Failure is normal. Failure will teach you to be humble. You cannot change the rock wall, but you can understand your limitations. Even if vigour and enthusiasm, sometimes you need to exercise caution. A mountain doesn’t endure lies and won’t care about you. Gymnastics are as equally brutal as climbing. A gymnast must learn the techniques properly if not the person will hurt themselves. Success requires both pride and humility both drive and caution. Surely football is useless, when you just kick a ball around and get nothing done. Such sports are autotelic, meaning that they are enjoyed for its own sake, and not for the sake of something else. This is known as the flow experience. Flow requires a match between skills and challenge. The task must also require clear goals. Flow is about enjoying the journey itself. Try an exercise which is challenging and which you can receive instant feedback. To achieve good things, you must understand your insufficiency and imperfection too. Humans are incomplete and will not achieve perfection.

Pain (Martial Arts). Martial arts demonstrate how pain can be enjoyed. Pain is better than comfort without liberty. Punching can be good fun. In the past, martial arts were seen as a form of protection. Not anymore. Now, martial arts are more used to develop character than anything else. They are peaceful people. You can channel your aggressiveness into a safe channel and learn to be braver and more humble. Karate teaches you to be a good and honest member in society. Training in violence can actually help you to avoid violence in future. Do not deny your aggressive stance, but rather, learn to use them in a controlled environment. Pain and how you feel about it are two completely separate feelings. Even some women enjoy fighting too. For ballet, there is also a lot of pain involved. When dancing, you do not feel the pain. Pain is not a raw stimulus and that it is shaped by what we feel about it. Pain is better when you have a choice over it and that it is freely accepted. Pleasurable pain is a sign of freedom. It is your pain and you are autonomous over it.

Pain is a test of value: it sharpens our perception of what is worthwhile in life, and just what we are willing to sacrifice to get it. Exercise, precisely because of its discomfort, is a touchstone for an emancipated existence. – Damon Young

Consistency (Running). Murakami balances running and writing. He has a consistent routine. He has run marathons as well. Murakami has run marathons every year for almost 25 years. Running brings him mental benefits. Your mind will argue with the body. It keeps him fit and strong. Writing was a profession that required constant endurance. In the past, he was a chain smoker. Also, later, he started to eat healthily. Try to include exercise in your daily routine. Running on the treadmill helps as well. Let your body support the mind. Our lives are narratives and stories and we need to write our own plot. Consistency helps pull our life to find a purpose. Jogging can be a tool to maintain consistency in your life. Self-regulation is improved by exercise. Running is painful and exhausting. But to build consistency, you need to confront something that is not pleasant. Running allows you to overcome that pain. Even though he is slowing down, he doesn’t stop. Aim for a greater striving.

We easily become fractured, divided and conflicted. We can ‘lose the plot’. This is why we need the virtues of integrity and constancy. Integrity is achieved in changing circumstances; constancy over changing times. Both character traits are tendencies towards wholeness: virtues of consistency, which pull our stories together. – Alasdair MacIntyre

The really hard steps are the first ones. Not the first running steps – even those are enjoyable – but rather the impossibly difficult task of getting ready to run. If getting out of the chair seems difficult, then you really need to do so. – David Lebedoff

The Sublime (Swimming). The sea, boat and submarines. Water simply invades us. It doesn’t kid around. It was blissful in the water. The sublime requires both enjoyment and fear. The sea is huge and it is mind-boggling. The sea is also inherently dangerous. In the sea, you are never really in charge. When swimming, we use more muscle groups. It is also more tiring than other sports. In a chaotic situation, we are forced to work harder. Your adrenaline will start pumping as well. Learn to enjoy the power and size of water, even in a swimming pool. The beachgoer feels eternal and tranquil looking out at the sea. We become part of the water once we are in it. Water has also a role of god in certain cultures. The sublime reminds us that we cannot escape biology, pain and death. Humans are part of the cosmos. The world can be savoured.

When danger or pain press too nearly, they are incapable of giving any delight, and are simply terrible. But at certain distances, and with certain modifications, they may be delightful. – Edmund Burke

Instead, the sublime is a revelation of ordinary human contradiction: the reality of our solitude and smallness, together with the intimation of safety and immensity. We are isolated and feeble, yet somehow joined with the world of security and strength. – Damon Young

Oneness (Yoga). This chapter is on yoga. Yoga can provide a distinctive calm to us. Despite the weird poses, I am actually at ease during class. We are usually not aware of our muscles, even during physical sports. However, yoga allows you to feel that. Which of your muscles are tense right now? You get to concentrate on one part of your body at a time. You become more of yourself during yoga. We are making ourselves feel more at home. You get to lose yourself in the workouts. In some yoga, there is no need to distinguish mind from body. In Hatha yoga, your body is spiritualized. Most forms of yoga teach the transcendence of ‘I’. Yoga is not a state of mind, but the combination of physical and mental self. Many Westerners have taken up yoga. It is evenness of the mind. Yoga also helps to reduce stress and blood pressure. Meditation is at the heart of yoga.

The key is not to be obsessed over the development of muscles, but to enrol humanity in your fitness. This is what is known as intelligent exercise. Develop a fullness of character. Commit to a more balanced life. See fitness as a personal adventure. Try a variety of sports. Exercise can cure existential incompleteness.

Exercise base image2

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

The book was published in 1932

The state motto was Community, Identity and Stability. It was the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. There was also a fertilizing room. There were interns following the director. Generalities was out of the question and everyone was very obedient. It was a year of stability and people don’t question. It is year A.F. 632. He showed the students the incubator. The conditions of fertilization were precise and had to be perfect. The bokanovskification could divide and produce multiple humans from just one egg. The egg responds by budding. This process was one of the major instruments of social stability. There will be 96 identical twins working 96 working 96 identical machines. ‘If we could bokanovskify indefinitely the whole problem would be solved.’ This process could be upscaled and the people born would be all similar in age. Everything in the whole process were mechanized. The card indexes were all updated instantaneously. The director and Mr Foster brought us to see the embryo store. The genetics of the embryo are carefully selected so that they are sterile. They are also predestined and conditioned. There are only 2 types, Alphas or Epsilons, future sewage workers or future directors of hatcheries. They limited the oxygen supply to Epsilons so that they can’t develop fully. ‘But in Epsilons, we don’t need intelligence’. The mind would be mature by 10. What mattered for the community was that their bodies developed more quickly so that they could work. The aim was to produce humans that were more mature at a younger age. Some of them are conditioned to work in hot environment. Some were trained in the toleration of lead, caustic soda, chlorine etc. The director showed them the decanting room.

And that is the secret of happiness and virtue – liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their unescapable social destiny. – The Director

We condition the masses to hate the country. But simultaneously we condition them to love all country sports….so that they consume manufactured articles as well as transport. – The Director

Infant Nurseries. Neo-Pavlovian Conditioning Room. The babies crawled to the flowers and books on the floor. At a press of a lever, a shrill siren sounded. At another press, the babies experienced a mild electric shock. The babies were howling like crazy. Next, the books and flowers were offered again. Now, once they saw the flowers, they screamed. They were conditioned that the flowers and books were associated with loud noises and shocks. After repeated exposure, they will hate books and flowers. It turns out that the love of nature keeps no factories busy. Therefore, it was necessary to make people hate nature but still travel to the city to work. Some of the languages were dead already. The concept of parents didn’t work anymore. Now, children grew up in state conditioning centres. Moral education ought not be rational. Intellectual education failed. There were alphas, betas, gammas, deltas, epsilons. They were made to wear different colours. Hypnopaedia is the greatest moralizing and socializing force of all time. Words were used, but without reason. All the suggestions in the human mind belong to the State.

What I’m going to tell you now may sound incredible. But then, when you’re not accustomed to history, most facts about the past do sound incredible. – The Director

There was a game called centrifugal bumble-puppy. Games should not have many apparatus. Erotic play in the past was considered abnormal although it was a common sight here. Mustapha Mond was one of the top controllers. Everyone believed that history is bunk. All of history was wiped off. The children had no concept of family or a home. Lenina Crowne and Fanny worked together. The controller painted home as a horrible place. It was like a rabbit hole, and a life reeked with emotion. Girls had to go for pregnancy substitute at a young age. They were also given drugs like Corpus Luteum, Mammary gland extract etc. Fanny was a girl and she was going out with Henry Foster. Monogamy was associated with families. It was horrible to keep going out with the same man. The directors didn’t encourage relationships for more than a few months. Apparently, Fanny really liked Henry. Stability was the key in their world. Stable men must tend to others. Lenina didn’t feel like being promiscuous too. Every one belongs to every one else. Life without emotion is the best. Ending is better than mending. All books have been suppressed as well.

Lenina had spent nearly a night with all of the men from the Alpha Changing Rooms. Lenina asked Bernard to join him on a vacation. She was still seeing Henry at the time. Henry took Lenina off in a helicopter ride. Now, they were flying over New York. It was a changeshift event and all the Gammas came out. Lenina was glad she was not a gamma.

Bernard hastened across the roof. He hated Benito Hoover and Lenina. He was disappointed by her behavior. There were instances where he had to deal with members of a lower caste. It was highly disturbing. He risked being ridiculed because of his height. Some of the lower caste people were taller than him. Men like Benito and Henry were adept at managing people from the lower castes. Helmholtz Watson was a very smart guy for someone in his caste. Now, these two men realized that they were slightly different from the others. Physical handicap could produce mental excess. Helmholtz was sick at how lame women could be. Helmholtz had this feeling that he wanted to say something important but could not put a finger to it. He wanted to do something violent and intense and express them with words.

I suppose I’ve got things on my nerves a bit. When people are suspicious with you, you start being suspicious with them. – Bernard

But queer that Alphas and Betas won’t make any more plants grow than those nasty little Gammas and Deltas and Epsilons down there. – Lenina

Lenina and Henry stopped playing Obstacle Golf. There was technology to retain phosphorous from humans after death. Epsilons’ performed important duties too. Every one works for everyone else, Lenina recalled this mindless repetition during her younger days. Epsilons won’t know what it’s like being anything else because they have not been conditioned to be anything else. Everybody’s happy now. The both of them attended an orchestra performance. They had everything they wanted. Lenina did not take her contraceptive medication consistently.

It was Ford Day and Bernard was slightly late. Thank Ford! It was a solidarity circle. 12 of them were ready to be fused. The Solidarity Hymn was played. Everyone toasted to the Greater being. ‘We long to die, for when we end, our larger life has but begun’. The loving cup was passed around and everyone had to have a sip of it. The music had the power to touch the hearts of those present. Everyone was in a hypnotized state and went fervent in their chanting. Bernard played along although he didn’t feel anything. They started dancing now. To be excited is to be unsatisfied. Bernard lied to Fifi that it was amazing.

Lenina found the North Pole boring. Bernard was A plus. However, Lenina found him weird. According to Henry, Bernard was a rhinoceroses. There was little you do in complete privacy. Bernard suggested a long walk with Lenina in the Lake District. He didn’t like crowds at all and hated watching a wrestling championship with her. It was raining outside. He didn’t like to lead someone else’s life. Bernard wanted to explore what would he be less if there were no conditioning. Bernard lamented that they were in a horrible place. Lenina found his ideas weird and awful. Although they had sex on the first day they met, Bernard wondered what would it be like if he suppressed his desires. Bernard wanted to feel passion. Bernard lamented that they were infants and had sex on day 1. Lenina liked his physical stature but found his attitude weird.

When the individual feels, the community reels. – Lenina

Looking at the sea makes me feel as though as though I were more me, if you see what I mean. More on my own, not so completely a part of something else. Not just a cell in the social body. Doesn’t it make you feel like that, Lenina? – Bernard

Lenina, but wouldn’t you like to be free to be happy in some other way? In your own way, for example; not in everybody else’s way. – Bernard

Never put off till tomorrow the fun you can have today. – Lenina

Bernard went to see the Director and requested for his signature. The director went to New Mexico 25 years ago. He went with a girl. However, mid-way through the trip, the director couldn’t find her. Even after a search, she could not be found. He expressed dissatisfaction at Bernard’s performance and conduct outside of work. Alphas were supposed to conform. If Bernard continued to transgress, he would be sent to Iceland. Bernard felt invigorated and wanted to do something different. Helmholtz liked Bernard’s attitude.

Progress was lovely. Lenina and Bernard were staying in a hotel together. Touching the fence was instant death. It turns out that there were Indians and half-breeds who were got off from the civilized world and still led normal lives. There was a chance that Bernard would be sent Iceland due to work commitments. Civilization and savagery were separated. The savages won’t do harm and they used gas bombs.

Lenina didn’t like the Indian guide. He smells. Bernard and her were at Malpais. She hated walking. There were snakes and many Indian men. Lenina didn’t like what she saw. ‘Civilization is sterilization’. The people never heard of the Ford. They saw an haggard old man. In their world, they took care of the old people better. Now, they came upon a village square filled with Indians. The Indian drums were of a similar rhythm to the ones at the Solidarity Services. Now, there was plenty of music. The place was so queer. The Indian men started dancing with the snakes. A boy was whipped during a ceremony. After that, the ceremony left and everyone went off. Lenina and Bernard were horrified at what happened. A young man chatted with them and he wanted to be the sacrifice. To whipped was worth it for the sake of the pueblo, to make rain come and corn grow. It was also to please Pookong and Jesus. The young man was impressed with Lenina’s beauty. Linda was his mother and they were strangers in the Reservation. He was born in Malpais. Linda introduced herself and she was awfully filthy. She was indeed a Beta. Apparently, she had a biological kid. She wiped her nose on her skirt. She used to work in the Fertilizing room in the past. In this place, she had to mend her own clothes etc. The women in the tribe didn’t believe that everyone lived for everyone else. They were hateful when Linda met other men. The people acted like children all the time.

Mending’s anti-social. But it’s all different here. It’s like living with lunatics. Everything they do is mad. – Linda

I mean, when a child asks you how a helicopter works or who made the world – well, what are you to answer if you’re a Beta and have always worked in the Fertilizing Room? What are you to answer? – Linda

Bernard and John were taking a stroll together. Bernard didn’t think he could understand how life was like in his village. Linda was being advanced by a man but she rejected his advances and locked the door. Pope brought some water for Linda. Pope hated any men that came to see Linda. Once, Linda was hit by other women. Those beastly savages! The Other Place was apparently a better place to be. Linda taught John how to read. The other boys started mocking Pope although they didn’t know how to read, unlike John. John gradually became educated and liked books. He came upon ‘The Complete Works of William Shakespeare’. The words in the book talked to him. John hated Pope much. John learned vocabulary to express his hate. Now, John wanted to think of a plan to kill Pope. John only managed to injure Pope him. Mitsima taught John how to work the clay. Soon, John would learn how to make a bow. He witnessed a marriage ceremony. The other boys drove him out and continued to tease him. John felt sad and lonely. It was through this that John appreciated time, death and God. It was perceived that no one would be alone in the other PlaceJohn was ostracized and felt miserable. He wanted to know what it was like to be crucified. Everyone in the other world took Soma to make themselves happy. Bernard suggested bringing him to London and John was elated with that idea. John asked whether Bernard was married to Lenina.

‘O brave new world. O brave new world that has such people in it. Let’s start at once.’

If one’s different, one’s bound to be lonely. They’re beastly to one. – John

Lenina wanted an absolute holiday. Bernard hadn’t slept for a while. Lenina went on a soma-holiday. Bernard was planning a short escape. The order to bring the two people (John and Linda) were being processed. Bernard met the special warden. Later after the approvals, he flew back to Malpais. However, Lenina was not in the room. He went through her things. Suddenly, he heard a noise. In the other room, Lenina was asleep. He placed his hand on her now.

It was like clockwork motion and everything was in order. The nurseries and dynamos were all in sync and working well. The young girls were singing fervently. The Director pointed out Bernard to everyone. Bernard had betrayed the trust imposed in him. Now, he was deemed enemy of the society. The Director wanted him transferred out to perform low level work. Linda walked into the room. The director tried to recall who Linda was as she had worked here before. Everyone in the room looked uncomfortable as she screamed. Now, John came in. He proclaimed that the Director was his father. Everyone was stunned.

The greater a man’s talents, the greater his power to lead astray. It is better that one should suffer than that many should be corrupted. No offence is so heinous as unorthodoxy of behavior. Murder kills only the individual – and after all, what is an individual? We can make a new one with the greatest ease – as many as we like. Unorthodoxy threatens more than the life of a mere society; it strikes at Society itself. – Henry

In one sense, we are shortening her life by giving her an overdose. But in another we’re actually lengthening it. Soma may make you lose a few years in time. But think of the enormous immeasurable durations it can give you out of time. Every soma-holiday is a bit what our ancestors used to call eternity. – Dr Shaw

Death conditioning begins at eighteen months. Every tot spends two mornings a week in a hospital for the Dying. All the best toys are kept there, and they get chocolate cream on death days. They learn to talk dying as a matter of course. – The Director

To declare yourself a mother was obscene. Linda had a horrible appearance and people dreaded to see her. She wanted to take soma, a drug which could make you high without the hangover effects. She took up to 20gms a day. John didn’t approve of the soma dosage but eventually relented. Bernard was now an important man. Henry and Benito now treated him with respect. The more he criticized, the more important he felt. Bernard managed to convert one of the savages to take Soma. He liked hanging out with people who were polite. He also wrote a report on Linda and John’s experience during a tour. Mustapha Mond was angry at Bernard for he felt lectured by Bernard. They came upon a factory where Deltas were cutting screws. The savage started retching. The workers rarely gave problems. The savage was quite close to Linda and it was weird as it went against conditioning. Twins were not allowed in their world. A savage reservation was a place that was supposed to be inhabitable. Bernard took a fancy to Miss Keate, a lady. They were introduced to the Hypnopaedic Control Room. Solitary amusements were discouraged. It was a changing of shift. Everyone was issued with their soma-ratio for the day. Lenina was riding on the fame and was happy to be around the celebrity ‘Savage’. Bernard liked how Lenina looked. Lenina now admitted that she liked him. Orchestra music was playing in the background. People were pleasured by some music and handling of metal knobs. John didn’t feel that he was good enough for Lenina. However, Lenina seemed to like him. The savage didn’t appreciate the movie that Lenina and him watched. Lenina went home to consume some Soma.

John refused to open door to meet people. He shouted ‘Go to ell!’ The assembly was informed that John would not be attending. Now, everyone was upset with his behavior and wondered why they even treated him so kindly in the first place. Lenina felt nauseous when the Savage didn’t want to show up. She thought that he didn’t like her. Bernard also felt embarrassed for the no-show by the Savage. The Arch Community-Songster encouraged Bernard to mend his ways. Bernard started crying. The Savage was reading Romeo and Juliet in the room. Mustapha Mond read an article on biology but chose not to publish it because it might harm society. Bernard’s other friend was Helmholtz. Normally, he was a guy who forgave and forgot. Bernard gave details of what happened to Helmholtz. He was a professor who also went against the Authority. He wrote rhymes about loneliness and was nearly punished for them. The Savage and Helmholtz were very close in nature. Bernard was jealous at their friendship. Helmholtz thought Romeo and Juliet was a piece of superb engineering. The Savage read Romeo and Juliet to them. Helmholtz lamented that to write well, one needed to experience more things in life.

‘It was the sort of idea that might easily decondition the more unsettled minds among the higher castes- make them lose their faith in happiness as the Sovereign Good and take believing, instead, that the goal was somewhere beyond, somewhere outside the present human sphere that the purpose of life was not the maintenance of well-being, but some intensification and refining of consciousness, some enlargement of knowledge.’

Well, I’d rather be unhappy than having the sort of false, lying happiness you were having here. – John

Henry invited Lenina over to a feely. Lenina didn’t want to receive treatment. An Alpha Minus administrator died from tryanosomiasis. Lenina now liked the concept of just 1 man and not go for many at the same time. ‘Nothing can be achieved without perseverance.’ When they were feeling slightly down, Soma was the solution. Lenina was now talking to the savage. He mentioned that in his hometown, people had to bring the skin of a mountain lion or a wolf before people can get married. John wanted to undergo something difficult to prove himself. Lenina didn’t understand this concept. John finally confessed that he liked her. Lenina didn’t think marriage was a good idea. ‘I love you more than anything in the world.’ John. They started touching each other. She started undressing. Now, the Savage retreated in horror. John thrusted her away. John was mad. He shouted ‘Whore! Whore! Impudent strumpet!’ He told her to get lost. Lenina was dejected and thought Soma was better. She was a little injured as well. Lenina retrieved her clothes. Finally, in fear, she left his room.

Park Lane was the hospital for the dying. Linda was dying now. The hospital was like a first class hotel and was very well equipped. Linda was watching a tennis match in a ward. Linda cried with emotion when seeing John. ‘Whatever is the matter with her? Why is she so fat?’ A bunch came into the ward and commented on how ugly Linda looked. John was furious and hit one of them. The kids were being death-conditioned. Linda whispered Pope in her sleep and John was furious. Linda was having her Soma-holiday with Pope. ‘Every one belongs to every…’ Linda. Linda suddenly had difficulty breathing. When the nurses were back at the ward, she was dead. The savage sobbed uncontrollably. The nurses were afraid his sobbing might de-condition the children. ‘Is she dead?’ asked one of the twins. John pushed him to the ground and walked away.

How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind it! O brave new world… – John

Don’t you want to be free and men? Don’t you ever understand what manhood and freedom are? Don’t you? Very well then. I’ll teach you; I’ll make you be free whether you want to or not. – The Savage

Only Deltas worked in the Hospital of the Dying. They would get their soma ration at the end of the day. The Savage was upset with everyone and how they behaved. The twins that filled the ward were like maggots to him. Everyone was fixated at the black box containing the soma. The world should be beautiful. John stopped the distribution and warned everyone that it was poison. Throw it all away, he said. Bernard and Helmholtz couldn’t find Savage and were worried. The Savage was a little bonkers. He wanted to provide them with salvation. He started throwing soma tablets outside the window. Ford help him! The Deltas were furious that he threw away their share. Bernard and Helmholtz thought the Savage was in big trouble. The police came with Soma Vapour and synthetic music. There was a voice in the background. Apparently, the Deltas needed the Soma badly. Later, the Deltas started hugging one another. A new set of drugs was on the way. Even the Savage started to cry now. The 3 of them were brought to the Controller’s study room. They were Bernard, Helmholtz and the Savage.

We haven’t any use for old things. Particularly when they’re beautiful. Beauty’s attractive, and we don’t want people to be attracted by old things. We want them to like the new ones. – Mustapha Mond

The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma. – Mustapha Mond

But that’s the price we have to pay for stability. You’ve got to choose between happiness and what people used to call high art. We’ve sacrificed the high art. We have the feelies and the scent organ instead. – Mustapha Mond

Stability isn’t nearly so spectacular as instability. And being contended has none of the glamour of a good fight against misfortune, none of the picturesqueness of a struggle with temptation, or a fatal overthrow by passion or doubt. Happiness is never grand. – Mustapha Mond

That’s another item in the cost of stability. It isn’t only art that’s incompatible with happiness; it’s also science. Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled. – Mustapha Mond

Sometimes, I rather regret the science. Happiness is a hard master – particularly other people’s happiness. A much harder master, if one isn’t conditioned to accept it unquestioningly, than truth. – Mustapha Mond

What’s the point of truth or beauty or knowledge when the anthrax bombs are popping all around you? – Mustapha Mond

The 3 of them entered the Controller’s study. There was a book which the Savage opened. It was titled ‘My Life and Work by Our Ford’. Mustapha Mond entered the room. The Savage didn’t like civilization. He wrote the rules and could break them anytime he wanted. The Controller was actually a well-read man. The Bokanovsky Groups are very crucial for society. They are the building blocks. It was not realistic to build all Alphas. Everyone would go crazy if they had to be moronic work. They tried an Alpha society but it didn’t work and a civil war broke out. The Deltas liked their work as it didn’t require strain on the mind and muscles. Population was tightly controlled as well. Every change was a menace to society. Bernard begged not to be sent to Iceland and he knelt down beside the controller. He ordered for Soma vaporization treatment. That island contained normal people who liked change. The controller chose to stay here. In the past, truth and beauty was prevalent. Now, it was comfort and happiness. Science had to be controlled when people bombed themselves. Helmholtz wanted to be placed in an island with a bad climate as he felt he could work better. That would be the Falkland Islands.

They say that it is the fear of death and of what comes after death that makes men turn to religion as they advance in years. – Mustapha Mond

The religious sentiment tends to develop as we grow older; to develop because, as the passions grow calm, as the fancy and sensibilities are less excited and less excitable, our reason become less troubled in its working, less obscured by the images, desires and distractions, in which it used to be absorbed…that phenomenal existence is no more bolstered up by impressions from within or from without, we feel the need to lean on something that abides, something that will never play us false – a reality, an absolute and everlasting truth. – Mustapha Mond

You can only be independent of God while you’ve got youth and prosperity; independence won’t take you safely to the end. – Mustapha Mond

God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness. You must make your choice. Our civilization has chosen machinery and medicine and happiness. That’s why I have to keep these religious books locked up in the safe… – Mustapha Mond

There was religious in the past too. However, it was no longer existent. The Controller took out the Bible. The people didn’t know God existed at all because he didn’t tell them. Being independent all the time is an unnatural state. Religion makes up for our other losses. Since in this society, there is no losses, we can do without God. ‘The religious sentiment will compensate us for all our losses.’ God manifests himself in different ways to different men. People do not experience solitude now. The controller dismissed self-indulgence and self-denial. Pleasant vices were needed to have a stable society. Passion causes instability. People can’t help doing what one ought to do. There was always pleasant impulses. Soma was the solution for anger and sadness. Soma was Christianity without tear. They got rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it. It was too easy for the people. Men and Women were stimulated once in a while through Violent Passion Surrogate. The Savage was adamant that life that he experienced before was better.

‘Civilization has absolutely no need of nobility or heroism. These things are symptoms of political inefficiency. In our society, nobody has any opportunities for being noble or heroic. Conditions have got to be thoroughly unstable before the occasion can arise. When there are wars, where there are divided allegiances, where there are temptations to be resisted, objects of love to be fought for or defended – there, obviously, nobility and heroism have some sense. But there aren’t any wars nowadays.’

But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin…All right then, I’m claiming the right to be unhappy. – The Savage

Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen tomorrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind. – Mustapha Mond

The Savage looked ill. He was tired after a long discussion with the controller. The Savage didn’t want to go on the island and wanted to escape. He wanted to be alone. He wanted to purify his thoughts and started praying. Once in a while, he would pretend to be crucified like Jesus. Now, his new home was at the lighthouse. The view was breathtaking. There was a forest near to the Savage. Days passed where he didn’t even meet another human being. He wanted to set up shop in the forest and planned to start his own garden and hunt. The construction of bows and arrows gave him pleasure. He was reminded of Linda and the horrible twins. He swore to make amends. 3 Delta-Minus saw him. They pulled over and were shocked at such a sight. The Savage raided the poultry farm. The reporters bumped into him and wanted to interview the Savage. The five words he uttered during the interview was ‘Hani! Sons eso tse-na!’. Then, he kicked the reporter in his nuts. 4 more reporters approached and the Savage was increasingly violent. Now, the reporters were afraid and shunned him. When the Savage thought of Linda, he jumped into some spiky plants. He also whipped himself using the whip. After that, he asked God for forgiveness. He was starting to act a little queer and weird. One of the reporters was spying on him from afar and thought it was interesting. The reporter wanted to create a film on him. He started thinking too much. Suddenly, men and women from all over started flying in and observed the Savage. They started mocking him and taking photos. The Savage retreated in fear and was now angry. Now, the Savage approached the people. One man offered him magnesium-salted almonds. The people chanted that they wanted the whip from him. ‘We-want-the whip.’ The People chanted. Then, a helicopter suddenly appeared from nowhere. Out stepped a young man and a young woman clad in green. Then, the Savage started slashing her. It was Lenina and Henry. She fell and the Savage continued to slash her. The people were roared on and started slashing one another too. Apparently, the Savage took some soma and was unconscious. He was crazy now.

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