Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

The book was published in 1932

The state motto was Community, Identity and Stability. It was the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. There was also a fertilizing room. There were interns following the director. Generalities was out of the question and everyone was very obedient. It was a year of stability and people don’t question. It is year A.F. 632. He showed the students the incubator. The conditions of fertilization were precise and had to be perfect. The bokanovskification could divide and produce multiple humans from just one egg. The egg responds by budding. This process was one of the major instruments of social stability. There will be 96 identical twins working 96 working 96 identical machines. ‘If we could bokanovskify indefinitely the whole problem would be solved.’ This process could be upscaled and the people born would be all similar in age. Everything in the whole process were mechanized. The card indexes were all updated instantaneously. The director and Mr Foster brought us to see the embryo store. The genetics of the embryo are carefully selected so that they are sterile. They are also predestined and conditioned. There are only 2 types, Alphas or Epsilons, future sewage workers or future directors of hatcheries. They limited the oxygen supply to Epsilons so that they can’t develop fully. ‘But in Epsilons, we don’t need intelligence’. The mind would be mature by 10. What mattered for the community was that their bodies developed more quickly so that they could work. The aim was to produce humans that were more mature at a younger age. Some of them are conditioned to work in hot environment. Some were trained in the toleration of lead, caustic soda, chlorine etc. The director showed them the decanting room.

And that is the secret of happiness and virtue – liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their unescapable social destiny. – The Director

We condition the masses to hate the country. But simultaneously we condition them to love all country sports….so that they consume manufactured articles as well as transport. – The Director

Infant Nurseries. Neo-Pavlovian Conditioning Room. The babies crawled to the flowers and books on the floor. At a press of a lever, a shrill siren sounded. At another press, the babies experienced a mild electric shock. The babies were howling like crazy. Next, the books and flowers were offered again. Now, once they saw the flowers, they screamed. They were conditioned that the flowers and books were associated with loud noises and shocks. After repeated exposure, they will hate books and flowers. It turns out that the love of nature keeps no factories busy. Therefore, it was necessary to make people hate nature but still travel to the city to work. Some of the languages were dead already. The concept of parents didn’t work anymore. Now, children grew up in state conditioning centres. Moral education ought not be rational. Intellectual education failed. There were alphas, betas, gammas, deltas, epsilons. They were made to wear different colours. Hypnopaedia is the greatest moralizing and socializing force of all time. Words were used, but without reason. All the suggestions in the human mind belong to the State.

What I’m going to tell you now may sound incredible. But then, when you’re not accustomed to history, most facts about the past do sound incredible. – The Director

There was a game called centrifugal bumble-puppy. Games should not have many apparatus. Erotic play in the past was considered abnormal although it was a common sight here. Mustapha Mond was one of the top controllers. Everyone believed that history is bunk. All of history was wiped off. The children had no concept of family or a home. Lenina Crowne and Fanny worked together. The controller painted home as a horrible place. It was like a rabbit hole, and a life reeked with emotion. Girls had to go for pregnancy substitute at a young age. They were also given drugs like Corpus Luteum, Mammary gland extract etc. Fanny was a girl and she was going out with Henry Foster. Monogamy was associated with families. It was horrible to keep going out with the same man. The directors didn’t encourage relationships for more than a few months. Apparently, Fanny really liked Henry. Stability was the key in their world. Stable men must tend to others. Lenina didn’t feel like being promiscuous too. Every one belongs to every one else. Life without emotion is the best. Ending is better than mending. All books have been suppressed as well.

Lenina had spent nearly a night with all of the men from the Alpha Changing Rooms. Lenina asked Bernard to join him on a vacation. She was still seeing Henry at the time. Henry took Lenina off in a helicopter ride. Now, they were flying over New York. It was a changeshift event and all the Gammas came out. Lenina was glad she was not a gamma.

Bernard hastened across the roof. He hated Benito Hoover and Lenina. He was disappointed by her behavior. There were instances where he had to deal with members of a lower caste. It was highly disturbing. He risked being ridiculed because of his height. Some of the lower caste people were taller than him. Men like Benito and Henry were adept at managing people from the lower castes. Helmholtz Watson was a very smart guy for someone in his caste. Now, these two men realized that they were slightly different from the others. Physical handicap could produce mental excess. Helmholtz was sick at how lame women could be. Helmholtz had this feeling that he wanted to say something important but could not put a finger to it. He wanted to do something violent and intense and express them with words.

I suppose I’ve got things on my nerves a bit. When people are suspicious with you, you start being suspicious with them. – Bernard

But queer that Alphas and Betas won’t make any more plants grow than those nasty little Gammas and Deltas and Epsilons down there. – Lenina

Lenina and Henry stopped playing Obstacle Golf. There was technology to retain phosphorous from humans after death. Epsilons’ performed important duties too. Every one works for everyone else, Lenina recalled this mindless repetition during her younger days. Epsilons won’t know what it’s like being anything else because they have not been conditioned to be anything else. Everybody’s happy now. The both of them attended an orchestra performance. They had everything they wanted. Lenina did not take her contraceptive medication consistently.

It was Ford Day and Bernard was slightly late. Thank Ford! It was a solidarity circle. 12 of them were ready to be fused. The Solidarity Hymn was played. Everyone toasted to the Greater being. ‘We long to die, for when we end, our larger life has but begun’. The loving cup was passed around and everyone had to have a sip of it. The music had the power to touch the hearts of those present. Everyone was in a hypnotized state and went fervent in their chanting. Bernard played along although he didn’t feel anything. They started dancing now. To be excited is to be unsatisfied. Bernard lied to Fifi that it was amazing.

Lenina found the North Pole boring. Bernard was A plus. However, Lenina found him weird. According to Henry, Bernard was a rhinoceroses. There was little you do in complete privacy. Bernard suggested a long walk with Lenina in the Lake District. He didn’t like crowds at all and hated watching a wrestling championship with her. It was raining outside. He didn’t like to lead someone else’s life. Bernard wanted to explore what would he be less if there were no conditioning. Bernard lamented that they were in a horrible place. Lenina found his ideas weird and awful. Although they had sex on the first day they met, Bernard wondered what would it be like if he suppressed his desires. Bernard wanted to feel passion. Bernard lamented that they were infants and had sex on day 1. Lenina liked his physical stature but found his attitude weird.

When the individual feels, the community reels. – Lenina

Looking at the sea makes me feel as though as though I were more me, if you see what I mean. More on my own, not so completely a part of something else. Not just a cell in the social body. Doesn’t it make you feel like that, Lenina? – Bernard

Lenina, but wouldn’t you like to be free to be happy in some other way? In your own way, for example; not in everybody else’s way. – Bernard

Never put off till tomorrow the fun you can have today. – Lenina

Bernard went to see the Director and requested for his signature. The director went to New Mexico 25 years ago. He went with a girl. However, mid-way through the trip, the director couldn’t find her. Even after a search, she could not be found. He expressed dissatisfaction at Bernard’s performance and conduct outside of work. Alphas were supposed to conform. If Bernard continued to transgress, he would be sent to Iceland. Bernard felt invigorated and wanted to do something different. Helmholtz liked Bernard’s attitude.

Progress was lovely. Lenina and Bernard were staying in a hotel together. Touching the fence was instant death. It turns out that there were Indians and half-breeds who were got off from the civilized world and still led normal lives. There was a chance that Bernard would be sent Iceland due to work commitments. Civilization and savagery were separated. The savages won’t do harm and they used gas bombs.

Lenina didn’t like the Indian guide. He smells. Bernard and her were at Malpais. She hated walking. There were snakes and many Indian men. Lenina didn’t like what she saw. ‘Civilization is sterilization’. The people never heard of the Ford. They saw an haggard old man. In their world, they took care of the old people better. Now, they came upon a village square filled with Indians. The Indian drums were of a similar rhythm to the ones at the Solidarity Services. Now, there was plenty of music. The place was so queer. The Indian men started dancing with the snakes. A boy was whipped during a ceremony. After that, the ceremony left and everyone went off. Lenina and Bernard were horrified at what happened. A young man chatted with them and he wanted to be the sacrifice. To whipped was worth it for the sake of the pueblo, to make rain come and corn grow. It was also to please Pookong and Jesus. The young man was impressed with Lenina’s beauty. Linda was his mother and they were strangers in the Reservation. He was born in Malpais. Linda introduced herself and she was awfully filthy. She was indeed a Beta. Apparently, she had a biological kid. She wiped her nose on her skirt. She used to work in the Fertilizing room in the past. In this place, she had to mend her own clothes etc. The women in the tribe didn’t believe that everyone lived for everyone else. They were hateful when Linda met other men. The people acted like children all the time.

Mending’s anti-social. But it’s all different here. It’s like living with lunatics. Everything they do is mad. – Linda

I mean, when a child asks you how a helicopter works or who made the world – well, what are you to answer if you’re a Beta and have always worked in the Fertilizing Room? What are you to answer? – Linda

Bernard and John were taking a stroll together. Bernard didn’t think he could understand how life was like in his village. Linda was being advanced by a man but she rejected his advances and locked the door. Pope brought some water for Linda. Pope hated any men that came to see Linda. Once, Linda was hit by other women. Those beastly savages! The Other Place was apparently a better place to be. Linda taught John how to read. The other boys started mocking Pope although they didn’t know how to read, unlike John. John gradually became educated and liked books. He came upon ‘The Complete Works of William Shakespeare’. The words in the book talked to him. John hated Pope much. John learned vocabulary to express his hate. Now, John wanted to think of a plan to kill Pope. John only managed to injure Pope him. Mitsima taught John how to work the clay. Soon, John would learn how to make a bow. He witnessed a marriage ceremony. The other boys drove him out and continued to tease him. John felt sad and lonely. It was through this that John appreciated time, death and God. It was perceived that no one would be alone in the other PlaceJohn was ostracized and felt miserable. He wanted to know what it was like to be crucified. Everyone in the other world took Soma to make themselves happy. Bernard suggested bringing him to London and John was elated with that idea. John asked whether Bernard was married to Lenina.

‘O brave new world. O brave new world that has such people in it. Let’s start at once.’

If one’s different, one’s bound to be lonely. They’re beastly to one. – John

Lenina wanted an absolute holiday. Bernard hadn’t slept for a while. Lenina went on a soma-holiday. Bernard was planning a short escape. The order to bring the two people (John and Linda) were being processed. Bernard met the special warden. Later after the approvals, he flew back to Malpais. However, Lenina was not in the room. He went through her things. Suddenly, he heard a noise. In the other room, Lenina was asleep. He placed his hand on her now.

It was like clockwork motion and everything was in order. The nurseries and dynamos were all in sync and working well. The young girls were singing fervently. The Director pointed out Bernard to everyone. Bernard had betrayed the trust imposed in him. Now, he was deemed enemy of the society. The Director wanted him transferred out to perform low level work. Linda walked into the room. The director tried to recall who Linda was as she had worked here before. Everyone in the room looked uncomfortable as she screamed. Now, John came in. He proclaimed that the Director was his father. Everyone was stunned.

The greater a man’s talents, the greater his power to lead astray. It is better that one should suffer than that many should be corrupted. No offence is so heinous as unorthodoxy of behavior. Murder kills only the individual – and after all, what is an individual? We can make a new one with the greatest ease – as many as we like. Unorthodoxy threatens more than the life of a mere society; it strikes at Society itself. – Henry

In one sense, we are shortening her life by giving her an overdose. But in another we’re actually lengthening it. Soma may make you lose a few years in time. But think of the enormous immeasurable durations it can give you out of time. Every soma-holiday is a bit what our ancestors used to call eternity. – Dr Shaw

Death conditioning begins at eighteen months. Every tot spends two mornings a week in a hospital for the Dying. All the best toys are kept there, and they get chocolate cream on death days. They learn to talk dying as a matter of course. – The Director

To declare yourself a mother was obscene. Linda had a horrible appearance and people dreaded to see her. She wanted to take soma, a drug which could make you high without the hangover effects. She took up to 20gms a day. John didn’t approve of the soma dosage but eventually relented. Bernard was now an important man. Henry and Benito now treated him with respect. The more he criticized, the more important he felt. Bernard managed to convert one of the savages to take Soma. He liked hanging out with people who were polite. He also wrote a report on Linda and John’s experience during a tour. Mustapha Mond was angry at Bernard for he felt lectured by Bernard. They came upon a factory where Deltas were cutting screws. The savage started retching. The workers rarely gave problems. The savage was quite close to Linda and it was weird as it went against conditioning. Twins were not allowed in their world. A savage reservation was a place that was supposed to be inhabitable. Bernard took a fancy to Miss Keate, a lady. They were introduced to the Hypnopaedic Control Room. Solitary amusements were discouraged. It was a changing of shift. Everyone was issued with their soma-ratio for the day. Lenina was riding on the fame and was happy to be around the celebrity ‘Savage’. Bernard liked how Lenina looked. Lenina now admitted that she liked him. Orchestra music was playing in the background. People were pleasured by some music and handling of metal knobs. John didn’t feel that he was good enough for Lenina. However, Lenina seemed to like him. The savage didn’t appreciate the movie that Lenina and him watched. Lenina went home to consume some Soma.

John refused to open door to meet people. He shouted ‘Go to ell!’ The assembly was informed that John would not be attending. Now, everyone was upset with his behavior and wondered why they even treated him so kindly in the first place. Lenina felt nauseous when the Savage didn’t want to show up. She thought that he didn’t like her. Bernard also felt embarrassed for the no-show by the Savage. The Arch Community-Songster encouraged Bernard to mend his ways. Bernard started crying. The Savage was reading Romeo and Juliet in the room. Mustapha Mond read an article on biology but chose not to publish it because it might harm society. Bernard’s other friend was Helmholtz. Normally, he was a guy who forgave and forgot. Bernard gave details of what happened to Helmholtz. He was a professor who also went against the Authority. He wrote rhymes about loneliness and was nearly punished for them. The Savage and Helmholtz were very close in nature. Bernard was jealous at their friendship. Helmholtz thought Romeo and Juliet was a piece of superb engineering. The Savage read Romeo and Juliet to them. Helmholtz lamented that to write well, one needed to experience more things in life.

‘It was the sort of idea that might easily decondition the more unsettled minds among the higher castes- make them lose their faith in happiness as the Sovereign Good and take believing, instead, that the goal was somewhere beyond, somewhere outside the present human sphere that the purpose of life was not the maintenance of well-being, but some intensification and refining of consciousness, some enlargement of knowledge.’

Well, I’d rather be unhappy than having the sort of false, lying happiness you were having here. – John

Henry invited Lenina over to a feely. Lenina didn’t want to receive treatment. An Alpha Minus administrator died from tryanosomiasis. Lenina now liked the concept of just 1 man and not go for many at the same time. ‘Nothing can be achieved without perseverance.’ When they were feeling slightly down, Soma was the solution. Lenina was now talking to the savage. He mentioned that in his hometown, people had to bring the skin of a mountain lion or a wolf before people can get married. John wanted to undergo something difficult to prove himself. Lenina didn’t understand this concept. John finally confessed that he liked her. Lenina didn’t think marriage was a good idea. ‘I love you more than anything in the world.’ John. They started touching each other. She started undressing. Now, the Savage retreated in horror. John thrusted her away. John was mad. He shouted ‘Whore! Whore! Impudent strumpet!’ He told her to get lost. Lenina was dejected and thought Soma was better. She was a little injured as well. Lenina retrieved her clothes. Finally, in fear, she left his room.

Park Lane was the hospital for the dying. Linda was dying now. The hospital was like a first class hotel and was very well equipped. Linda was watching a tennis match in a ward. Linda cried with emotion when seeing John. ‘Whatever is the matter with her? Why is she so fat?’ A bunch came into the ward and commented on how ugly Linda looked. John was furious and hit one of them. The kids were being death-conditioned. Linda whispered Pope in her sleep and John was furious. Linda was having her Soma-holiday with Pope. ‘Every one belongs to every…’ Linda. Linda suddenly had difficulty breathing. When the nurses were back at the ward, she was dead. The savage sobbed uncontrollably. The nurses were afraid his sobbing might de-condition the children. ‘Is she dead?’ asked one of the twins. John pushed him to the ground and walked away.

How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind it! O brave new world… – John

Don’t you want to be free and men? Don’t you ever understand what manhood and freedom are? Don’t you? Very well then. I’ll teach you; I’ll make you be free whether you want to or not. – The Savage

Only Deltas worked in the Hospital of the Dying. They would get their soma ration at the end of the day. The Savage was upset with everyone and how they behaved. The twins that filled the ward were like maggots to him. Everyone was fixated at the black box containing the soma. The world should be beautiful. John stopped the distribution and warned everyone that it was poison. Throw it all away, he said. Bernard and Helmholtz couldn’t find Savage and were worried. The Savage was a little bonkers. He wanted to provide them with salvation. He started throwing soma tablets outside the window. Ford help him! The Deltas were furious that he threw away their share. Bernard and Helmholtz thought the Savage was in big trouble. The police came with Soma Vapour and synthetic music. There was a voice in the background. Apparently, the Deltas needed the Soma badly. Later, the Deltas started hugging one another. A new set of drugs was on the way. Even the Savage started to cry now. The 3 of them were brought to the Controller’s study room. They were Bernard, Helmholtz and the Savage.

We haven’t any use for old things. Particularly when they’re beautiful. Beauty’s attractive, and we don’t want people to be attracted by old things. We want them to like the new ones. – Mustapha Mond

The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma. – Mustapha Mond

But that’s the price we have to pay for stability. You’ve got to choose between happiness and what people used to call high art. We’ve sacrificed the high art. We have the feelies and the scent organ instead. – Mustapha Mond

Stability isn’t nearly so spectacular as instability. And being contended has none of the glamour of a good fight against misfortune, none of the picturesqueness of a struggle with temptation, or a fatal overthrow by passion or doubt. Happiness is never grand. – Mustapha Mond

That’s another item in the cost of stability. It isn’t only art that’s incompatible with happiness; it’s also science. Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled. – Mustapha Mond

Sometimes, I rather regret the science. Happiness is a hard master – particularly other people’s happiness. A much harder master, if one isn’t conditioned to accept it unquestioningly, than truth. – Mustapha Mond

What’s the point of truth or beauty or knowledge when the anthrax bombs are popping all around you? – Mustapha Mond

The 3 of them entered the Controller’s study. There was a book which the Savage opened. It was titled ‘My Life and Work by Our Ford’. Mustapha Mond entered the room. The Savage didn’t like civilization. He wrote the rules and could break them anytime he wanted. The Controller was actually a well-read man. The Bokanovsky Groups are very crucial for society. They are the building blocks. It was not realistic to build all Alphas. Everyone would go crazy if they had to be moronic work. They tried an Alpha society but it didn’t work and a civil war broke out. The Deltas liked their work as it didn’t require strain on the mind and muscles. Population was tightly controlled as well. Every change was a menace to society. Bernard begged not to be sent to Iceland and he knelt down beside the controller. He ordered for Soma vaporization treatment. That island contained normal people who liked change. The controller chose to stay here. In the past, truth and beauty was prevalent. Now, it was comfort and happiness. Science had to be controlled when people bombed themselves. Helmholtz wanted to be placed in an island with a bad climate as he felt he could work better. That would be the Falkland Islands.

They say that it is the fear of death and of what comes after death that makes men turn to religion as they advance in years. – Mustapha Mond

The religious sentiment tends to develop as we grow older; to develop because, as the passions grow calm, as the fancy and sensibilities are less excited and less excitable, our reason become less troubled in its working, less obscured by the images, desires and distractions, in which it used to be absorbed…that phenomenal existence is no more bolstered up by impressions from within or from without, we feel the need to lean on something that abides, something that will never play us false – a reality, an absolute and everlasting truth. – Mustapha Mond

You can only be independent of God while you’ve got youth and prosperity; independence won’t take you safely to the end. – Mustapha Mond

God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness. You must make your choice. Our civilization has chosen machinery and medicine and happiness. That’s why I have to keep these religious books locked up in the safe… – Mustapha Mond

There was religious in the past too. However, it was no longer existent. The Controller took out the Bible. The people didn’t know God existed at all because he didn’t tell them. Being independent all the time is an unnatural state. Religion makes up for our other losses. Since in this society, there is no losses, we can do without God. ‘The religious sentiment will compensate us for all our losses.’ God manifests himself in different ways to different men. People do not experience solitude now. The controller dismissed self-indulgence and self-denial. Pleasant vices were needed to have a stable society. Passion causes instability. People can’t help doing what one ought to do. There was always pleasant impulses. Soma was the solution for anger and sadness. Soma was Christianity without tear. They got rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it. It was too easy for the people. Men and Women were stimulated once in a while through Violent Passion Surrogate. The Savage was adamant that life that he experienced before was better.

‘Civilization has absolutely no need of nobility or heroism. These things are symptoms of political inefficiency. In our society, nobody has any opportunities for being noble or heroic. Conditions have got to be thoroughly unstable before the occasion can arise. When there are wars, where there are divided allegiances, where there are temptations to be resisted, objects of love to be fought for or defended – there, obviously, nobility and heroism have some sense. But there aren’t any wars nowadays.’

But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin…All right then, I’m claiming the right to be unhappy. – The Savage

Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen tomorrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind. – Mustapha Mond

The Savage looked ill. He was tired after a long discussion with the controller. The Savage didn’t want to go on the island and wanted to escape. He wanted to be alone. He wanted to purify his thoughts and started praying. Once in a while, he would pretend to be crucified like Jesus. Now, his new home was at the lighthouse. The view was breathtaking. There was a forest near to the Savage. Days passed where he didn’t even meet another human being. He wanted to set up shop in the forest and planned to start his own garden and hunt. The construction of bows and arrows gave him pleasure. He was reminded of Linda and the horrible twins. He swore to make amends. 3 Delta-Minus saw him. They pulled over and were shocked at such a sight. The Savage raided the poultry farm. The reporters bumped into him and wanted to interview the Savage. The five words he uttered during the interview was ‘Hani! Sons eso tse-na!’. Then, he kicked the reporter in his nuts. 4 more reporters approached and the Savage was increasingly violent. Now, the reporters were afraid and shunned him. When the Savage thought of Linda, he jumped into some spiky plants. He also whipped himself using the whip. After that, he asked God for forgiveness. He was starting to act a little queer and weird. One of the reporters was spying on him from afar and thought it was interesting. The reporter wanted to create a film on him. He started thinking too much. Suddenly, men and women from all over started flying in and observed the Savage. They started mocking him and taking photos. The Savage retreated in fear and was now angry. Now, the Savage approached the people. One man offered him magnesium-salted almonds. The people chanted that they wanted the whip from him. ‘We-want-the whip.’ The People chanted. Then, a helicopter suddenly appeared from nowhere. Out stepped a young man and a young woman clad in green. Then, the Savage started slashing her. It was Lenina and Henry. She fell and the Savage continued to slash her. The people were roared on and started slashing one another too. Apparently, the Savage took some soma and was unconscious. He was crazy now.

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