Psychology quotes 151 to 200

  1. ‘Restaurants will centre-align their menu to make it more difficult to compare prices. If you right-justify items, customers can more easily compare and will be less likely to go for more expensive items.’ Charles Spence
  2. ‘Having an outrageously expensive item is both likely to get publicity for a restaurant, and will also get people to spend more. People think ‘I wonder if anyone ever orders that?’, without realising that its true purpose is to make the next most expensive item seem cheaper.” Charles Spence, a psychologist
  3. ‘Studies have shown that gratitude sparks an upward spiral of relationship growth where each individual feels motivated to strengthen the bond.’ Shawn Achor
  4. ‘Think of going to a restaurant for example, having low expectations may improve your dining experience if the food is better than expected. But having positive expectations may improve your happiness before the meal even starts because of your anticipation of the event.’ Melissa Hogenboom
  5. ‘The brain is trying to figure out what you should be doing in the world to get rewards, so all the decisions, expectations and the outcomes are information it’s using to make sure you make good decisions in the future. All of the recent expectations and rewards combine to determine your current state of happiness.’ Dr Robb Rutledge
  6. “The study also finds that your immediate sense of happiness depends on the size of the gap between what you achieve and what you expect. That makes good intuitive sense. It also fits with a great deal of statistical work by economists showing that happiness and job satisfaction is influenced by a person’s relative pay,” Professor Andrew Oswald
  7. “If you want to know how happy I am, don’t ask me my salary. Ask me how my salary compares to other professors or to my own salary in the past. It is the gap – whether positive or negative – that really matters. We are all creatures of comparisons and are thus prisoners of implicit expectations.” Prof Andrew Oswald
  8. ‘I started doing comedy because that was the only stage that I could find. It was the pure idea of being on stage. That was the only thing that interested me, along with learning the craft and working, and just being in productions with people.’ Robin Williams (1951 – 2014)
  9. ‘It’s very difficult to compete without feeling envy. A wise friend once told me that every time you try to compete, you’ll always lose. Because even if you’re the best this year, someone will be better than you next year.’ Carl Richards
  10. ‘Every status update you read on Facebook, every tweet or text message you get from a friend, is competing for resources in your brain with important things like whether to put your savings in stocks or bonds, where you left your passport or how best to reconcile with a close friend you just had an argument with.’ Daniel J. Levitin
  11. ‘Here’s the problem with bigger numbers and endless possibility: They don’t go well with humans. We don’t have the processing power. Dating is not simply about finding like-minded people, but about limiting your potential set of choices.’ Leah Reich
  12. ‘When the number of options increases, we become maximizers — unsatisfied with those options, and wanting more. On Tinder, we can judge, swipe and date as if there is an unlimited number of matches. When faced with boundless choices, can we ever choose?’ Leah Reich
  13. ‘Even without computers and phones, long before screens, we’ve always wondered, “But is there someone better?” There’s a simple reason for that, although the simple reason does not have a simple solution: Dating involves humans. We are strange creatures, sometimes brutal, not always photogenic, often delicate. We’re fascinated by metrics, big pictures and endless horizons of possibility. And we always, always want more.’ Leah Reich
  14. “You might be going for a walk or grocery shopping or doing something that doesn’t require sustained attention and suddenly — boom — the answer to a problem that had been vexing you suddenly appears. This is the mind-wandering mode, making connections among things that we didn’t previously see as connected.” Anna North
  15. ‘The best way to get someone to tell you what they know is to share your own knowledge too.’ Quinn Norton
  16. ‘If you are genuinely interested in people, it’s not that hard to get them to teach you. You do have to do some homework first so that you’re asking interesting questions, not totally elementary ones.’ Quinn Norton
  17. ‘When I need help myself, I would prefer to be pointed to information, not have someone walk me through it, because there’s that sense of discovery and learning on my own and not being handheld through the whole process.’ Jim Munroe
  18. ‘One of the things that sheep are really good at is responding to a threat (sheepdog etc) by working with their neighbours. It’s the selfish herd theory: put something between the threat and you. Individuals try to minimise the chance of anything happening to them, so they move towards the centre of a group.’ Dr. Andrew King, on how sheepdogs get sheep to gather and move as a group
  19. ‘The thing about going crazy is that it makes you incredibly smart, in a stupid sort of way.’ Neil Simon
  20. ‘Moreover, the psychologists Priyanka Carr and Gregory Walton of Stanford have shown that merely believing you are working with another person, compared with separately, can make you more interested in a task and less mentally exhausted by it.’ Paul A. O’Keefe
  21. ‘Taken together, interest in a task matters more than we ever knew. It is crucial to keeping us motivated and effective without emptying our mental gas tank, and it can turn the mundane into something exciting.’ Paul A. O’Keefe
  22. ‘I believe that if one always looked at the skies, one would end up with wings.’ Gustave Flaubert
  23. ‘Isn’t it funny how day by day nothing changes, but when you look back everything is different.’ C.S. Lewis
  24. ‘One of the enemies of sound, lifelong motivation is a rather childish conception we have of the kind of concrete, describable goal toward which all of our efforts drive us…So you scramble and sweat and climb to reach what you thought was the goal. When you get to the top you stand up and look around and chances are you feel a little empty. Maybe more than a little empty…You wonder whether you climbed the wrong mountain.’ John Gardner
  25. ‘The thing you have to understand is that the capacities you actually develop to the full come out as the result of an interplay between you and life’s challenges –and the challenges keep changing. Life pulls things out of you.’ John Gardner
  26. ‘The thankful receiver bears a plentiful harvest.’ William Blake
  27. ‘Blessed are those who give without remembering and take without forgetting.’ Elizabeth Bibesco
  28. ‘Patience is bitter but its fruit is sweet.’ Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  29. ‘There is neither happiness nor misery in the world; there is only the comparison of one state with another, nothing more. He who has felt the deepest grief is best able to experience supreme happiness.’ Alexandre Dumas
  30. “Individuals are more likely to mispredict the value of rediscovering ordinary events than to mispredict the value of rediscovering extraordinary events, which are more memorable. Additionally, ordinary events came to be perceived as more extraordinary over time, whereas perceptions of extraordinary events did not change across time.” Ting Zhang
  31. ‘The findings suggest you shouldn’t feel bad if you’re compelled to blog about your day, tweet about what you had for lunch, or Instagram that photo of a pretty sunset. The post may come in handy when you’re in a bad mood sometime down the line.’ Ting Zhang
  32. ‘Our research shows that we can find joy in journalling about ordinary events, and importantly, later rediscovering those journal entries at a future point in time,” Ting Zhang
  33. ‘Writing about everyday things could be valuable for all sorts of reasons. One is it helps to consolidate what you’ve done during that day, another is just as a marker of what you’ve done — you could go back and look at it.’ James W. Pennebaker
  34. ‘People are happier to the extent that they find their lives easy rather than difficult. Happy people say they have enough money to buy the things they want and the things they need. Good health is a factor that contributes to happiness but not to meaningfulness. Healthy people are happier than sick people, but the lives of sick people do not lack meaning.’ Roy F Baumeister
  35. ‘If you want to maximise your happiness, it looks like good advice to focus on the present, especially if your needs are being satisfied. Meaning, on the other hand, seems to come from assembling past, present and future into some kind of coherent story.’ Roy F Baumeister
  36. ‘In empirical fact, happiness is often fairly consistent over time. Those of us who are happy today are also likely to be happy months or even years from now, and those who are unhappy about something today commonly turn out to be unhappy about other things in the distant future. It feels as though happiness comes from outside, but the weight of evidence suggests that a big part of it comes from inside.’ Roy F Baumeister
  37. ‘Simply put, meaningfulness comes from contributing to other people, whereas happiness comes from what they contribute to you.’ Roy F Baumeister
  38. ‘For parents, on the other hand, caring for children was a substantial source of meaning, though it still seemed irrelevant to happiness, probably because children are sometimes delightful and sometimes stressful and annoying, so it balances out.’ Roy F Baumeister
  39. ‘Spending time with friends was linked to higher happiness but it was irrelevant to meaning. Having a few beers with buddies or enjoying a nice lunch conversation with friends might be a source of pleasure but, on the whole, it appears not to be very important to a meaningful life. By comparison, spending more time with loved ones was linked to higher meaning and was irrelevant to happiness.’ Roy F Baumeister
  40. ‘Highly meaningful lives encounter plenty of negative events, which of course reduce happiness. Indeed, stress and negative life events were two powerful blows to happiness, despite their significant positive association with a meaningful life.’ Roy F Baumeister
  41. ‘If happiness is about getting what you want, it appears that meaningfulness is about doing things that express yourself. Even just caring about issues of personal identity and self-definition was associated with more meaning.’ Roy F Baumeister
  42. ‘Marriage is a good example of how meaning pins down the world and increases stability. Most animals mate, and some do so for long periods or even for life, but only humans marry… Marriage smooths out these bumps and helps to stabilize the relationship.’ Roy F Baumeister
  43. ‘There are 4 elements of a meaningful life. 1) Purpose (reproduction; culture; our own choices) 2) Value (good vs bad) 3) Efficacy (Making a difference to others); 4) Self-worth (perform decently so as to gain others’ respect).’ Roy F Baumeister
  44. ‘Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed nonage. Nonage is the inability to use one’s own understanding without another’s guidance. This nonage is self-imposed if its cause lies not in lack of understanding but in indecision and lack of courage to use one’s own mind without another’s guidance…”Have the courage to use your own understanding,” is therefore the motto of the enlightenment.’ Immanuel Kant
  45. ‘Short men make better husbands, and make up in wisdom what they lack in stature.’ Adam Gopnik
  46. ‘Give me a great novel or memoir, some tea, and a cozy spot to curl up in, and I’m in heaven. I love to live in another person’s thoughts; I marvel at the bonds I feel with people who come alive on the page, regardless of how different their circumstances might be from mine. I not only feel I know these people, but I also recognize more of myself. Insight, information, knowledge, inspiration, power: All that and more can come from a good book.’ Oprah Winfrey
  47. ‘Happiness is like an orgasm: if you think about it too much, it goes away.’ Tim Minchin
  48. ‘Unsurprisingly, a majority of religious believers said they thought that these events happened for a reason and that they had been purposefully designed (presumably by God). But many atheists did so as well, and a majority of atheists in a related study also said that they believed in fate — defined as the view that life events happen for a reason and that there is an underlying order to life that determines how events turn out.’ Konika Banerjee
  49. ‘WHATEVER the origin of our belief in life’s meaning, it might seem to be a blessing. Some people find it reassuring to think that there really are no accidents, that what happens to us — including the most terrible of events — reflects an unfolding plan.’ Konika Banerjee
  50. ‘But even those who are devout should agree that, at least here on Earth, things just don’t naturally work out so that people get what they deserve. If there is such a thing as divine justice or karmic retribution, the world we live in is not the place to find it. Instead, the events of human life unfold in a fair and just manner only when individuals and society work hard to make this happen.’ Konika Banerjee



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